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La contribution des parents haïtiens analphabètes dans la réussite scolaire de leurs enfants

Abstract : This research explores the knowledge and skills mobilized by illiterate Haitian parents to promote the academic success of their children, in the department of Nord’Est, the city of Fort-Liberté in particular. It gives a special place to children's words. The target population consists of illiterate Haitian parents with school-age children (grade 7 to grade 9), students, teachers, school principals.More precisely, our research looks into the conditions of help and mediation in the interactions between parents and children. To do so, we opted for the construct of professional didactics while crossing the theoretical and conceptual contributions of many authors, such as Line Numa-Bocage for didactic mediation, Bernard Charlot for the relation to knowledge, Pierre Pastré for professional didactics, Lev Vygostki for the socioconstructivist approach. Three types of data were collected via a questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, and video-films. To analyze the data, the content analysis advocated by Laurence Bardin was used. The objective of this research is, on the one hand, to identify the educational strategies parents resort to in the education of their children in order to update the knowledge and skills of these parents considered as illiterate; and on the other hand, to shed new light on the problem of education in Haiti. In fact, we hope to challenge established certainties by providing tools for reflection so as to better understand the issues of academic success.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 12, 2020 - 12:46:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 8:35:34 AM

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Gardiner Desravins. La contribution des parents haïtiens analphabètes dans la réussite scolaire de leurs enfants. Education. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CNAM1270⟩. ⟨tel-02506423⟩

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