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Trois évaluations d'actions de lutte contre les discriminations

Abstract : In France, numerous empirical studies highlight the existence and extent of discrimination against some demographic groups because of one or more criteria in a particular market. Most of this work has focused on discrimination in hiring and access to housing, on the basis of gender, origin and place of residence. In response to these difficulties, many public policy measures have been put in place. However, studies to evaluate them on a rigorous basis remain very rare or non-existent.In this doctoral thesis, we are interested in evaluating the effectiveness of three actions to combat discrimination based on gender, origin and place of residence in the fields of employment and housing.In access to private employment (Chapter 1), we examine whether individual entrepreneurship, encouraged by the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron, in his speech on 14 November 2017 on the theme of “Politique de la Ville” (City Policy) in Roubaix, is an effective means of avoiding discrimination on the grounds of gender, origin and reputation of the place of residence on the labour market. We are interested in entrepreneurship through business takeovers. In access to public employment (Chapter 2), we are interested in evaluating the new actions for equality and diversity in recruitment implemented within the French Ministry of National Education since 2014: by modifying the rules for the constitution of juries, raising juries' awareness of discrimination, modifying recruitment methods, as well as professionalizing the competition tests, with a reduction in the number of tests, and changing their content. This last aspect is the main point of the reform of the open competitions of the different categories of the French Ministry of National Education. We are examining the impact of this reform of the professionalisation of competitions on the chances of success in the competition for candidates who are potentially discriminated against on the grounds of their sex or place of residence, as well as on the evaluation bias on the part of members of the selection boards.In access to housing (Chapter 3), we assess the effect of an action to reduce discrimination on the basis of origin by means of a nominative letter reminding the legal framework sent by “le Défenseur des Droits” (the Defender of Rights) to real estate agencies with a high risk of discrimination
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Souleymane Mbaye. Trois évaluations d'actions de lutte contre les discriminations. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Est, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PESC2034⟩. ⟨tel-02506291⟩

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