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L’Espagne face à son passé : écriture romanesque et stratégies documentaires

Abstract : This thesis aims to outline a new way of dealing with the past that has appeared in Spanish letters at the beginning of the 21st century: the documentary novel of memory. A significant number of realistic, and sometimes factual, literary narratives deal with the past of contemporary Spain, generally in its most traumatic aspects - Civil War, Francoism, violence during the Transition -. To access and represent this past, they mobilize the document and documentary forms such as the archive document or the testimony. We propose the hypothesis that this mobilization and staging of historical sources in a literary context amounts to constructing narratives on the origin of contemporary Spain capable of participating in the elaboration of a common memory narrative and, in the same movement, to question and claim the place of literature in the constitution of knowledge. In this perspective, documentary novels of memory would constitute the place of a tension between document and monument, between knowledge and recognition. To test this double identity hypothesis of a reconfiguration of memory and an expansion of the field of literature, we analyze the various documentary strategies at work in four documentary novels of memory that represent the ideological and aesthetic diversity of this narrative subgenre (Isaac Rosa, El vano ayer, 2004 ; Benjamín Prado, Mala gente que camina, 2006; Javier Cercas, Anatomía de un instante, 2009; Andrés Trapiello, Ayer no más, 2012). We first describe and interpret the documentary modalities at work in these narratives under the prism of the notion of document effect. We see that novels mobilize the document and mobilize factual narrative codes to create memorable documents. We then turn to the figure of the narrator-investigator, who, animated by an “archive fever”, return to the sources of contemporary Spain and engage the reader to identify with their quests and the narratives they induce. Finally, we show in a third step how these texts, through documentary montages and the partial or total reuse of codes from the roman à thèse , are integrated, in a counter-discursive mode, in a broad interdiscourse and thus question the place of literature and the writer in the discursive field on reality.
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Lucas Merlos. L’Espagne face à son passé : écriture romanesque et stratégies documentaires. Littératures. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAL023⟩. ⟨tel-02506045⟩

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