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Logement social et nouvelles pratiques artistiques

Abstract : This thesis questions the relationship between social housing and new artistic practices. It aims to understand why, under what conditions and to what extent social housing organizations engage in the carrying of artistic projects or support for them. I refer to "new artistic practices" as in situ projects, which bring people from working-class districts to the foundations of their approach and question the ways of doing things by different actors. Based on three cases, two in Lyon and one in Dunkerque, the analysis of the relationships deals with the modalities and the effects of the games of actors, in terms of relations of power, affect and demands for legitimacy, but also in terms of ways of doing, spatiality and materialities of the projects. My thesis shows a very uneven commitment of social housing organizations. It highlights the emergence, through projects that involve artists and inhabitants, new ways of participating, new actors of participation, but also new ways of doing the city. It shows the opportunity for social housing organizations to acquire new skills, gain visibility and approach their relationships to their tenants differently. However, the relations between social housing and new artistic practices face several difficulties. Due to a pyramidal operation, the ways of doing things do not really change at the level of the organizations which then fall back on their own technical know-how and have difficulty integrating the cooperation with other actors than the usual actors of construction and urban planning. Without a free political carry, the organizations struggle to get involved. Finally, in times of economic downturn, social housing organizations are struggling to engage in projects on the public space. They increasingly reduce their scale of intervention around the building. In this context, the renewal of artistic practices also shows its limits, in their difficulty to be distinguished from sociocultural activities, to create relations with the inhabitants their power to act, and to be legitimized as artistic by the cultural institutions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 11, 2020 - 5:41:09 PM
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Marie-Kenza Bouhaddou. Logement social et nouvelles pratiques artistiques. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100109⟩. ⟨tel-02505837⟩



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