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Les mutations du parti libéral-libéral-démocrate vers la (re)conquête du pouvoir (1976-2015)

Abstract : This research work is devoted to the study of the Liberal/Liberal-Democrat Party and the organizational changes that its successive leaders implemented between 1976 and 2015 to (re)conquer power. David Steel, Paddy Ashdown, Charles Kennedy and Nick Clegg somehow reclaimed the legacy of Jo Grimond, who had devised the strategy of the realignment of the left in the 1950s to manage its relationships with the Conservative and Labour Parties and become a government party.Each of them gave their own version of this strategy to adapt to a changing environment with a party system that was no longer a solid two-party system. The successive organizational mutations (professionalization, a change in the dominant coalition, an ideological shift), which were leader-driven, altered the balance of intra-party power relations between the leadership, the parliamentary party and the members; they even threatened its unity. Our research work seeks to articulate this dual approach, that is to say the intra-party and inter-party dynamics, to study the organizational tensions that the Liberal/Liberal Democrat leaders’ strategies generated and the different organizational actors’ reactions.
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Ghislaine Gabry. Les mutations du parti libéral-libéral-démocrate vers la (re)conquête du pouvoir (1976-2015). Littératures. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UBFCH035⟩. ⟨tel-02503804⟩

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