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Dynamique de la matière organique dans la Seine : approche globale et moléculaire

Abstract : Estuaries are important ecosystems from environmental and economical point of views and are the place of numerous transformations of organic matter (OM). The dynamics of OM in estuarine systems is complex and was only rarely investigated at the structural or molecular level. The aim of this study was to constrain the sources and fate of the OM in the Seine Estuary. The spatiotemporal dynamics of the OM along the estuary was investigated by comparing the bulk (elemental and isotopic composition), structural (solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance) and molecular (lipids and thermochemolysis) features of the different pools of OM – dissolved OM (DOM), particulate OM (POM) and sediment OM collected during five sampling campaigns. All analyses show that each compartment has different chemical properties: DOM is enriched in degraded aquatic OM, while POM and sediment OM are enriched in terrigenous OM. The maximum turbidity zone has an impact on OM quality with a high bacterial activity leading to the degradation of terrigenous OM and a higher proportion of aquatic OM. This study shows that sediment OM does not reflect the composition of the POM in the water column and is enriched in terrigenous OM. Moreover, when the sediment is aging, the proportion of terrigenous OM is increasing.
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Alexandre Thibault. Dynamique de la matière organique dans la Seine : approche globale et moléculaire. Géochimie. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS284⟩. ⟨tel-02503219⟩

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