Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation

Les disciplines de l'industrie. Le patronat métallurgique et la formation organisée des travailleurs dans la région de Saint-Étienne (1865-1954)

Abstract : Vocational education and training presented a potentially conflicting object crossing the lines of public policies and private action. The development of a differentiated supply was based on the negociated determination of skills. The modalities of VET diverged according to professional branches. They followed different conceptions, related to the knowledge required by the industrial production and organization. Public and private VET supplies were sometimes opposed, sometimes supplemented in order to meet all needs. The case of metallurgical, metalworking and machine building industries of the region of Saint-Étienne allows us to study the motivations and the balance of forces. Since the Second Empire, the supply for vocational training grew. The sustainability of these achievements was initially fragile. They depended on municipal initiative or private organization. The vocational schools founded during the early times of the Third Republic changed the outcome. The development of a municipal supply aroused the reaction of the clerical side, supported by local catholic bourgeoisies. The evolution of these paths was due to a significant difference in the objectives of theses courses. On one hand, VET was considered as a mean for the diffusion of scientific and technical knowledge. On the other hand, it was used as a way to spread moral and hierarchical principles. Through the various strategies at work, from outsourcing to integration, the training of a workers' elite tended to place the question of authority at the heart of VET organization. With the beginning of the twentieth century, the initiated schooling process drove to the institutionalization of vocational courses, as a support for apprenticeship. The rise of workers’ conflictuality, the evolution of production et organization renewed the role of scientific and technical skills. Employers, willing to reinforce their leadership in the field of industrial relations, tried to limit the intervention of the state within VET. The apprenticeship levy was a remarkable example of such a resistance. The supply of workers training, both public and private, was reinforced in its functions by the metalworking employers. Institutional innovations remained weak until the tough developpement of accelerated vocational training in the late 1930s. The Second World War confirmed the interest of metalworking employers for a traning organization less squeezed into the standards of the ministry of National Education. Finally, after the Libération, the stateization of workers' apprenticeship brought about the rallying of businesses to the schooling form.
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Antoine Vernet <>
Submitted on : Sunday, March 8, 2020 - 12:41:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 23, 2021 - 1:52:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 12:54:31 PM


Files produced by the author(s)


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License


  • HAL Id : tel-02501811, version 1


Antoine Vernet. Les disciplines de l'industrie. Le patronat métallurgique et la formation organisée des travailleurs dans la région de Saint-Étienne (1865-1954). Histoire. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE2122⟩. ⟨tel-02501811⟩



Record views


Files downloads