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Theses

Trajectoires de vie et développement des comportements violents

Abstract : As part of developmental psychopathology approaches, the aim of the thesis is tobroaden the knowledge of the mechanisms in the inmates’ violent externalised auto-agressive and hetero-agressive behaviour. Our concern is to find the mental, social and environmental impact of life events experienced in different life periods on these violent externalised troubles. From the reconstruction of life charts, the life course has been retraced and the developmental trajectories have been studied by focusing on the suicidal behaviour in prison and the transgressive sexual act. In a first study, life charts of inmates with a history of suicide attempt in prison, built with relatives and caregivers interviews, were compared to life charts of inmates without suicide attempts. The findings enabled to develop a predictive model of the suicidal behaviour proving the importance of mood disorders before the detention and behaviour disorders during the detention. In a second study, four sex offenders profiles created from life trajectories can be observed and distinguished according to the occurrence of events in four major domains of risk factors. The results of the two empiritical studies allow to discuss the theoretical and clinical perspectives as part of developmental psychopathology approaches in the understanding of violent externalised troubles and their care in prison.
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Julien Eloir. Trajectoires de vie et développement des comportements violents. Psychologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIL3H029⟩. ⟨tel-02500529⟩

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