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Nanoparticules bimétalliques combinant propriétés catalytiques et physiques pour la valorisation du CO2 et de la biomasse

Abstract : Heterogeneous catalytic reactions require often very harsh conditions, i.e. high temperature and high pressure in the overall system. An original way to lower these reaction conditions consists in generating a local heating directly at the surface of the catalysts by the means of physical stimuli (magnetic or plasmonics). However, up to now, the catalytic sites and the heating agents were spatially separated, reducing the efficiency of the heat transfer. The aim of this thesis is thus to elaborate complex bimetallic nanoparticles combining physical properties and catalytic properties in the very same object. Two types of nanoparticles have been synthesized, iron-nickel nanoparticles for magnetic heating and gold-ruthenium nanoparticles for plasmonic heating. In the current context of sustainable development and storage of renewable energies, we studied two catalytic reactions: the Sabatier reaction, to valorize CO2 gas and the hydrodeoxygenation of platforms molecules from lignocellulosic biomass to yield biofuel. Under alternating magnetic field, iron-nickel nanoparticles generate high temperatures creating a heterogeneous environment at their surface. Thanks to these peculiar conditions, the furfural and the hydroxymethylfurfural could be totally converted, in liquid phase, into biofuels (methylfurane and dimethylfurane) under mild conditions. Moreover, heat properties of iron-nickel nanoparticles combining with their catalytic properties have made possible the total conversion of carbon dioxide into methane. Similarly, plasmonic and catalytic properties of gold-ruthenium nanoparticles were studied for the Sabatier reaction. By coupling classical heating and light irradiation a synergetic effect between ruthenium and gold was observed leading to the efficient activation of the reaction.
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Deborah de Masi. Nanoparticules bimétalliques combinant propriétés catalytiques et physiques pour la valorisation du CO2 et de la biomasse. Chimie de coordination. INSA de Toulouse, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ISAT0024⟩. ⟨tel-02498310⟩

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