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Theses

Terrorisme au sahel : de la guerre idéologique au business criminogène

Abstract : While mainstream thinking argues that it is religious extremism that is the foundation of terrorism, the idea defended by this thesis is that such a conception is reductive in the Sahelian context. The analysis of terrorism in the Sahel, taking into account a multitude of factors specific to this region, cannot ignore the problems that the actors involved face on a daily basis. Therefore, one can grasp all the logic of its manifestation only if one examines what it feeds on. Similarly, given the nature of their various lucrative activities (hostage-taking, smuggling, extortion, trafficking, theft, looting), which are often out of step with Islam, terrorism seems to be a means for these actors to circumvent poverty situations. On the basis of a problem that fits into a theoretical perspective combining the theory of relative deprivation, that of redistribution and recognition, or that of strategic choice, and that is based on a qualitative approach, our observations have made it possible to realize that terrorism in the Sahel is not only based on doctrinal logic, but also on the multiple levels of social, economic, cultural, legal, religious reality, etc. .
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 3, 2020 - 1:09:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02496930, version 1

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Abdoul Aziz Issaley. Terrorisme au sahel : de la guerre idéologique au business criminogène. Sociologie. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UBFCC014⟩. ⟨tel-02496930⟩

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