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Pour une sociodidactique du plurilinguisme : Le cas de l'Education Interculturelle Bilingue pour les peuples indigènes du Honduras

Abstract : Contextualized schooling and in mother tongue is essential for the socioeconomic and cultural development of indigenous communities in Honduras. But the Intercultural Bilingual Education project currently implemented, already adopted by other countries and for other communities, is it really adapted for the specific needs of the indigenous children in Honduras? To answer this question, we have designed a research plan based on two indigenous communities: the Ch’orti’ and the Misquito communities. Our empirical and complex corpus consists of two filmed classes, pictures from a student’s notebook, interviews with members of both indigenous communities and official and pedagogical documents which guide the project’s implementation. Its analysis allows us to accentuate the cultural differences and those of the sociolinguistic situations of these communities and to show that these elements are partially taken in account when creating the schooling instruments. It also appears that language and culture contacts, treated precisely, could contribute to the revitalization, linguistic recuperation and to the indigenous identity construction. It could also open an effective intercultural dialogue for the future. Finally, we conclude by stating that if this Intercultural Bilingual Education project is not the origin of indigenous language revitalization and recuperation, it could nevertheless influence, under certain conditions, positively over them. Our research, of sociodidactic nature, reveals that the actions and initiatives undertaken by the stakeholders for the indigenous children’s education is not entirely adapted to their sociolinguistic, cultural and pedagogical needs. It leads to some perspectives for the implementation of contextualized pedagogical strategies and a better acknowledgement and valorization of the linguistic and cultural diversity of these communities.
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Carlos Solórzano. Pour une sociodidactique du plurilinguisme : Le cas de l'Education Interculturelle Bilingue pour les peuples indigènes du Honduras. Linguistique. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSES017⟩. ⟨tel-02496897⟩

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