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Les mots du genre : Activité métalinguistique folk et constitution d'un événement polémique

Abstract : From 2011, an apparently unprecedented controversy has held a place in the French public sphere. This controversy centres on the concept of gender, specifically its use in school programmes and legislation. The constitution – rather than construction –, between 2011 and 2014, of what is here considered as an event is the focus of this study. The particular aim of this thesis is to understand the role played by folk actor-speakers’ metalinguistic activity about words related to gender in the constitution of such an event. A corpus of web-native francophone utterances (websites, blogs, social networks) was gathered, along with a more heterogeneous reference corpus (books, tweets, emails, transcripts of parliamentary sessions, etc.), in order to analyse, in terms of nomination and definition, how words related to gender became conflictual.The study thus proposes an analysis of polemical discourses which uses words as a point ofentry, and is supported by argumentation theories and contributory knowledge from gender studies and elsewhere. It shows how crucial it is to take into account the prediscourses of folklinguistics, including ethical ones, to understand actor-speakers’ metalinguistic activity and the role it plays in the constitution of the event. By bringing to light a fear of denaturation which affects both sex and language, this thesis also provides gender studies with a new way of interpreting essentialist discourses about the differences between the sexes.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02496316, version 2


Anne-Charlotte Husson. Les mots du genre : Activité métalinguistique folk et constitution d'un événement polémique. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCD047⟩. ⟨tel-02496316v2⟩



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