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Fabrication and characterization of plasmonic patch nanoantennas

Abstract : In this thesis, we exploit light-matter interaction between a single semiconductor CdSe/CdS nanocrystal and a plasmonic patch antenna. This work can be divided in two main parts. We have first characterized the photoluminescence dynamics and spectroscopic signatures of single nanocrystals at different excitation powers. High quality CdSe/CdS nanocrystals are single-photon sources at room temperature. Nevertheless, multiexcitonic emission occurs when two or more excitons are recombining radiatively. We have developed an analytical model which describes the number of photons emitted by a nanocrystal as a function of the mean number of excitons created in one excitation pulse. With this model, we can calculate the quantum efficiency of the bi-exciton recombination. The second part is devoted to the development and optimization of an optical lithography protocol for patch antennas. We have stablished a protocol that allows us to couple a thin Au nano-disk above a single nanocrystal in a deterministic way. We have first fabricated passive nanoantennas in order to study reflectivity spectroscopic properties in the plasmonic structure. Later on, we have fabricated several active patch nanoantennas coupled with single CdSe/CdS nanocrystals. We have demonstrated the acceleration of spontaneous emission thanks to the coupling with the plasmons nanodisk. For some antennas, we have evidenced a super-poissonian emission signature when a post-processing temporal filter is applied. Finally, we have evidenced the emission of light partially coherent of one antenna in the proximity of the metallic square edge.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 28, 2020 - 7:48:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 3:59:44 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02494576, version 1


Juan Uriel Esparza Villa. Fabrication and characterization of plasmonic patch nanoantennas. Optics [physics.optics]. Sorbonne Université UPMC, 2019. English. ⟨tel-02494576⟩



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