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Jouer contre les appareils : une tentative de définition de la photographie expérimentale contemporaine

Abstract : The concept of experimental photography has rarely been defined, nor has it been the subject of much research in studies of contemporary photography. This research attempts to define it on the basis of the theses that the Prague born Brasilian philosopher Vilém Flusser (1920-1991) developed around the concept of apparatus, principally in his 1983 essay Towards a Philosophy of Photography. The proposed definition is based on the practice of some photographers who do not abide by the rules of photography and perturb the standard operations of the apparatus by playing against the camera. About 150 contemporary photographers have been studied along these lines ; they are mostly Europeans (from France, UK, Italy and Germany principally) and North-Americans. Some deconstruct the camera, reinventing it or photographing without a lens (pinhole) or even without a camera (photograms). Some undo the image creation process, playing with time, with light, with the chemical development process or with image printing. And some redefine the author-photographer, erasing him or giving him a different role in the photographic process. This research is concerned only with analog photography, considering that digital photography implies a radical difference in the definition of the experimental concept. The conclusion is that contemporary experimental photography is not a school, nor a movement, but simply a current, a moment between the decline of traditional documentary analog photography and the rise of digital photography at the end of the XXth century and the beginning of the XXIst century.
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Marc Lenot. Jouer contre les appareils : une tentative de définition de la photographie expérimentale contemporaine. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H086⟩. ⟨tel-02494497⟩

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