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Transport et distribution du gaz naturel en Russie orientale : enjeux économiques, politiques et territoriaux

Abstract : This thesis is about natural gas in Russia. Energy studies are common amongst studies about Russia.However, they often focus on the relationships between Russia and European countries. This study tries to shift from this approach to chiefly analyze the domestic market and Russian territory and to emphasize the contrasts at the scale of Russian Federation. The Siberian and Far Eastern territories are considered as peripheries. From an energy point of view, they are not linked with Gazprom transportation and distribution network. However, the “gasification program of the regions of Russian Federation”, presented as a social program, has been implemented in the eastern territories. In this thesis, its elaboration and its implementation are studied. Preference is given to regional scale, the program being jointly realized by regional administrations and Gazprom at the instigation of the federal government. The analysis of four Siberian and Far Eastern regions show that the results of the program and its social character need to be qualified. The gas networks development in Eastern Russia is modest and conditioned by perspectives of export. Furthermore, Gazprom controls the process and its aims may differ from the other protagonists’ aims, which generates some tensions. Center/peripheries logics dynamics are at work and can be seen in the relations between actors and in spatial differentiation. Territories are characterized by diverse degrees of integration in the energy space, organized by the natural gas sector.
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Sophie Hou. Transport et distribution du gaz naturel en Russie orientale : enjeux économiques, politiques et territoriaux. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010650⟩. ⟨tel-02493991⟩



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