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Études des déformations crâniennes intentionnelles dans la culture Paracas (800 avant-100 après J.C) : les contextes funéraires de Cerro Colorado, côte Sud du Pérou

Abstract : The Paracas society established itself on the southern coast of the central Peruvian Andean area, around the 9th century B.C. until the decline around the 2th century A.C. The site of Cerro Colorado, localized in the Paracas peninsula, discovered and excavated from 1925 to 1930 by Tello, delivered the biggest amount of Paracas cultural material until today. The study of body treatments of the deceased buried in these funerary contexts is central to this research, beacause it specifically documents the different traditions of the Paracas body modifications, ephemeral and irrevable, during life and after death. The reassessment of 311 bodies buried in these tombs, cavers and in the necropolis of Wari Kayan at Cerro Colorado, reveals unprecedented data on the corporal practices during Late Paracas (400 B.C -100 A.C.), then compared to testimonies from previous periods. The observation of anthropomorphic representations on ceramics and textiles allows addressing the evolution of the body conception during the entire Paracas chronology. This research presents the importance of aesthetics for the Paracas through the diversity of body modifications such as head modelling, ear piercing, body paintings and tattoos, different hairstyles and numerous sets of jewels. In this ancient Peruvian society, the body was hence perceived as an identity support in which the head has a symbolical place.
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Lucie Dausse. Études des déformations crâniennes intentionnelles dans la culture Paracas (800 avant-100 après J.C) : les contextes funéraires de Cerro Colorado, côte Sud du Pérou. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010628⟩. ⟨tel-02493978v2⟩

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