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L'esclave, le savant et le sultan : représentations du monde et diplomatie au sultanat du Borno (XVIe-XVIIe siècles)

Abstract : Located on the Western shores of Lake Chad in present-day Nigeria, the Borno Sultanate was the most important Islamic African state in the XVIth-XVIIth centuries. It influenced economical, cultural and human circulations in the whole Sahel and Sahara. Two contemporary authors described how the Borno sultans were integrated into the diplomatic exchanges in order to defend their economical and territorial interests. The first one was a Borno imam whose name named Aḥmad ibn Furṭū (c. 1570). The other was a French surgeon who was enslaved in Tripoli in the 1670s. On the basis of the texts they produced, this work aims to go beyond a political history of the Borno Sultanate and analyze the representations, the circulations and the practices of diplomacy between a sahelian state and its neighbours in the Early Modern period, taking into consideration the influence of environmental, religious, economical and social dynamics as well as the discourses and practices of diplomacy.
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Rémi Dewière. L'esclave, le savant et le sultan : représentations du monde et diplomatie au sultanat du Borno (XVIe-XVIIe siècles). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010631⟩. ⟨tel-02493971⟩

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