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L'image de l'Albanie à partir des récits de voyage des XIXe et XXe siècles, notamment à travers les œuvres de Mary Edith Durham (High Albania, 1909), Alexandre Degrand (Souvenirs de la Haute-Albanie, 1901), Ugo Ojetti (L'Albania, 1902)

Abstract : Albania has long been one of the less known European countries. This country which had remained for nearly five hundred years under Ottoman rule was a mysterious outpost of Islam in the heart of Europe. It was only in the early 1800s which it began to be considered worthwhile to include among the Grand Tour destinations. This research has been aimed at detecting and identifying representation patterns through which writers and European artists shaped the « images » by which Albania was conceived by foreigners. The sources range from early XIXth to the 1940s. Starting from a primary corpus consisting of Souvenirs de la Haute-Albanie by the French consul Alexandre Degrand, L’Albania by the Italian writer Ugo Ojetti, and High Albania by the English Mary Edith Durham, our observation field widened to include a broader survey of works ranging from travel diaries and fictional novels to newspaper articles. A prominent place belongs to the iconological corpus, namely to the engravings, sketches and other representational forms through which European literature illustrated Albanian subjects. Observing them has been a complementary tool for identifying the historical and conceptual framework in which the image of Albania took shape. Finally, a specific study has been devoted to works taking place in fictional countries inspired by Albania. Written from the late XIXth century to the present day, they show a rather high concentration of clichés and stereotypes scattered throughout European literature, thus acting as a reactive test to detect some of the sources of the current image of Albania.
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Olimpia Gargano. L'image de l'Albanie à partir des récits de voyage des XIXe et XXe siècles, notamment à travers les œuvres de Mary Edith Durham (High Albania, 1909), Alexandre Degrand (Souvenirs de la Haute-Albanie, 1901), Ugo Ojetti (L'Albania, 1902). Littératures. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis; Università degli studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE2003⟩. ⟨tel-02493614⟩

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