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La laïcité au collège : les pratiques enseignantes de renormalisation du curriculum prescrit : déplacements et hybridation des conceptions de la laïcité

Abstract : Since the end of the 1980s, laïcité has been placed at the center of the values transmitted at school, and so become a fundamental issue in the training of students. However, alarming findings on school and infrigements of laïcité in some of them are still reported during political debates and in the media. Political injunctions aimed at defending laïcité do not seem to ease tensions. The school of the Republic would always be in difficulty in the face of the "threat of communitarianism" and "attacks on laïcité". How to understand the reality of teaching work in this context? What can be the tensions, the difficulties, in the implementation of prescriptions? To answer these questions, an ethnographic survey was conducted during one school year in three different public middle schools. The results of this survey make it possible to argue that teachers' strategies for overcoming the hardships associated with laïcité lead to justified actions, with reference to a variety of justification models that are characteristic of teaching work today. Injunctions are reconfigured according to local and individual logic, with the goal of maintaining school peace and student success. Scholar laïcité in a situation is therefore ahybrid form, strongly inscribed in a local and situational conception of school justice, and, in reference to different principles of justice. This makes it possible to defend the thesis of a hybridization based on the principles of justice, resources for solving difficulties but also sources of instability when renormalization is not based on a professional debate allowing at least temporary stabilization of the common rules of action.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 27, 2020 - 4:51:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02493341, version 1

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Charlene Menard. La laïcité au collège : les pratiques enseignantes de renormalisation du curriculum prescrit : déplacements et hybridation des conceptions de la laïcité. Education. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2083⟩. ⟨tel-02493341⟩

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