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L'influence de la pensée physiocratique dans les écrits pré-révolutionnaires de Condorcet

Abstract : Condorcet (september 1743-march 1794), mathematician and academician, entered politics well before the french Revolution. Installed in Paris from 1762, he begins by focusing mainly on mathematics, until his entry into 1769 at the Academy of Science, at the very time when the government is implementing reforms inspired by the Physiocraty (freedom of trade in grains, municipal reform of Laverdy) between 1764 and 1769. Two periods characterize the political activity of Condorcet before the french Revolution.Turgot, appointed controller general of Finance in August 1774 by Louis XVI, calls him as one of his advisors, with Dupont de Nemours and Morellet, and appoints him as currency inspector. Then, he did not cease, throughout the ministry of Turgot (august 1774-may 1776), to support the reforms undertaken by Turgot (freedom of the internal trade of grains, abolition of the chore), in writings largely inspired by the Physiocratic doctrine, without ever openly claiming it.After the fall of Turgot, he takes part in the political debates related to the creation of representative assemblies, from the Ministry of Calonne (1783-1787). It was then that he defended, in all his writings from the period up to the Revolution, the provincial assemblies that he largely reiterates the project of municipalities of Dupont de Nemours (1775), marking his clear opposition to the call for the Estates General. Unable to prevent them, at the same time as he proposes a bill of rights, he finally tries to get elected deputy of the nobility, without success.
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Jean-Claude Gaudebout. L'influence de la pensée physiocratique dans les écrits pré-révolutionnaires de Condorcet. Histoire. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100019⟩. ⟨tel-02493194⟩

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