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Du gouvernement des banlieues à l'émergence des périphéries dans la gouvernance urbaine mondiale ? Mises en récits du global et singularités des champs politiques nationaux

Abstract : The generalization of the urban phenomenon in the early 21st century is accompanied by a globalization of slum areas and forms of socio-spatial segregation in major metropolises. Therefore, global networks of mayors from popular suburbs such as the Forum of the Peripheral Local Authorities (FALP) created an alter-globalization movement against the global trend spread by the neoliberal ideology. This thesis analyses the emergence of the FALP network as a transnational actor promoting norms and models with a universal vocation and playing a major role in the local governance of urban policies. Several sub-disciplines of political science have been mobilised from a comparative perspective: a specific methodological approach combining local surveys of different suburban areas, members of FALP, in France, Mali and Senegal, and a multi-sited research of various international events organized by the FALP network. The first part of the thesis examines the asymmetries of power and political influence in suburb issues from a global point of view. The second part sets out the challenges of FALP’s universalist project for decentralisation and participatory democracy in both Mali and Senegal. The third part explores the influence of alternative solutions advocated by the FALP network in the management of domestic waste, focusing on two case studies in Bamako and Dakar.
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Patrice Diatta. Du gouvernement des banlieues à l'émergence des périphéries dans la gouvernance urbaine mondiale ? Mises en récits du global et singularités des champs politiques nationaux. Science politique. Université Paris 13 - Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-02492878⟩

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