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Linéarisation par pré-distorsion numérique d'amplificateurs de puissance pour les nouvelles générations des systèmes de télécommunications

Abstract : Modern communications systems converge towards multi-standard operation combined with high PAPR modulation formats where the power amplifier must first be optimized in efficiency and where linearity will then be corrected by adding a predistorter. If this solution seems functional, it seems inadequate and ineffective on 5G systems where the targeted bandwidths pose both architectural problems (complexity of the observation path) and problems of accuracy of the usual behavioural models based on a simplification of the Volterra series in its discrete form (GMP, DDR) in the face of exacerbated memory effects but also of energy efficiency of the linearized system (DPD+PA). In this context, it becomes necessary to move towards a predistorter model less dependent on the characteristics of the signal to be linearized, in particular by the TPM (Two path Memory) model developed at XLIM, based on a simplification of the Volterra series in its continuous form, is independent of the characteristics of the signal to be linearized.Our work focused on evaluating the linearity performance of the classical models (GMP, DDR) and the TPM model on different power amplifiers either from simulations or from physical measurements of the PA. To do this, we have set up a simulation environmentand an evaluation bench for predistortion models with physical PA in order to quantify ACPR performance according to the variation in signal characteristics (power, frequency, statistics). All these experiments made it possible to verify, on the one hand,the poor robustness of traditional approaches (GMP/DDR) and, on the other hand, the stability of the performance of the TPM approach, whatever the scenario envisaged. This study therefore paves the way for a new generation of pre-distributor which, if extracted once and for all, would only require an update on slow dynamic phenomena (ageing) and would make it possible to consider a simplified architecture of the DPD observation path; thus improving the overall energy efficiency of the linearizedsystem.
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Houssam Eddine Hamoud. Linéarisation par pré-distorsion numérique d'amplificateurs de puissance pour les nouvelles générations des systèmes de télécommunications. Electronique. Université de Limoges, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0110⟩. ⟨tel-02492145⟩

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