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Thermomechanical study of the gigacycle fatigue behavior of pure iron and carbon-manganese steels : influence of chemical composition and microstructure on damage and crack initiation mechanism

Abstract : This work attempts to a better understanding of the fatigue damage in ferrite-pearlite steels in the Very High Cycle Fatigue (VHCF) domain. The influences of two parameters, pearlite phase percentage and free interstitial atoms percentage in solid solution, are investigated to understand dissipative mechanisms under 20 kHz high frequency fatigue loading. In-situ infrared thermography is carried out to record the temperature changes, while fractography studies and microscope observations are conducted to investigate the dissipative mechanism on the surface of specimens.For body centered cubic (BCC) materials, under high stress amplitudes, a sudden increase of the temperature occurs without a crack initiation and fracture. The inevitable temperature increase up to hundreds of degrees at high stress amplitudes, is caused mainly by the screw dislocations mobility, which is the key to explaining the observed fatigue behavior and thermal response of BCC structure under high frequency loading. Therefore, PSBs on surface and micro-voids in matrix emerge massively, accompanying with this abrupt temperature increase. These phenomena are considered as transition of deformation mechanism from thermal regime to athermal regime. At low amplitudes, few PSBs or surface roughness are still observed on the specimen surface. Through the cycles of PSB appearance on armco-iron, it’s found that PSBs are inclined to appear before 1x10(7)cycles, and PSB threshold lies below the conventional fatigue limit. The increase of pearlite phase content weakens the temperature elevation, and strengthens the fatigue properties. The presence of free interstitial atoms in steels results in appearence of a secondary temperature increase in the stabilized temperature part (100-200 degree). This behavior seems to be related to the interaction of edge dislocations with free interstitial atoms. Moreover, the remarkable hardening-softening-hardening phenomenon after the sudden temperature elevation to above 300 degree is thought as the interaction of multiplicated screw dislocations and free interstitial atoms.
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Xiaoxue Pu. Thermomechanical study of the gigacycle fatigue behavior of pure iron and carbon-manganese steels : influence of chemical composition and microstructure on damage and crack initiation mechanism. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100051⟩. ⟨tel-02491752⟩

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