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L'acceptabilité sociale de l'hydrogène et son processus de co-construction, un enjeu pour la transition énergétique dans les territoires

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis is to define and study the hydrogen social acceptability process, as well as the challenges of the energy transition in territories. Two fields of study with a hydrogen mobility demonstration project were selected : Navibus H2 (Nantes), and HyWay (Lyon). For comparison, this thesis includes the results of a study completed upstream, on a third field, GRHYD (Dunkirk). Hydrogen is relatively unheralded by the general public, therefore the methodology for studying was built using various theoretical concepts. The survey was conducted by questionnaire and interviews. In Nantes, it was conducted upstream the demonstration, with users of a river shuttle, the actors of the district served by this shuttle and the project directors. In Lyon, it was conducted while the demonstration, with drivers of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and members of the metropolitan organisation. Statistical and textual analyses provided comparisons between the results, as well as one with those of the preliminary survey conducted in Dunkirk. Dealing with perceptions, representations, expectations and attitudes related to hydrogen, makes possible to study how they are shared between groups. It finally leads to think about how to consider a social acceptability study related to demonstration projects, as well as its advantages to engage an energy transition in territories.
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Nicolas Dupuis. L'acceptabilité sociale de l'hydrogène et son processus de co-construction, un enjeu pour la transition énergétique dans les territoires. Environnement et Société. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019DUNK0537⟩. ⟨tel-02491400⟩

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