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Localization and function of anionic lipids in cell organization and plant development

Abstract : The « electrostatic territory» is part of the eukaryotic membrane organization and is defined by the enrichment of negatively charged phospholipids at the membrane cytosolic face. This feature is involved in the membrane recruitment of cytosolic proteins, which contain positively charged motifs and/or domains. In this work, we used Arabidopsis thaliana as a model and explored the existence of an electrostatic territory in plant cells. We found that the plasma membrane is the most anionic intracellular membrane (Simon, Platre et al., 2016 Nature Plants). This electrostatic field is maintained by lipid cooperation between, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate. The cell surface unique feature is involved in the regulation of hormonal signalling such as auxin and brassinosteroids pathways. We found that phosphatidylserine tunes the spatiotemporal dynamics of small GTPases from the Rho family. During auxin response, PS is required to cluster Rho into specialized membrane domains. We show that nanocluster formation is required for Rho-mediated auxin signaling including the regulation of endocytosis, cytoskeleton organization, morphogenesis and the root gravitropic response.
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Matthieu Platre. Localization and function of anionic lipids in cell organization and plant development. Subcellular Processes [q-bio.SC]. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEN098⟩. ⟨tel-02491142⟩

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