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The signifiant structure in poems of Ghassan Matar

Abstract : This thesis centres on the significant structures in the poetry of Ghassan Matar, based on a structural and semiotic approach and is divided into five chapters. The first chapter illustrates the fusion of tradition and innovation in Matar´s poetic lexicon, namely in religious and literary intertextualities, the introduction of historical figures in the poems and the prevalence of colour symbolism. The second chapter focuses on rhythmic structure in Matar´s poetry. An attempt has been made to emphasise the poet´s masterful usage and enhancement of metric units (taf‘īla, its diversity and versatility) and the diversity of rhyme, in order to highlight a progression in his usage of tadwīr and its semantic range. The third chapter offers a detailed analysis of the relations between poetic structure and its aesthetic characteristics with respect to Matar´s unique linguistic structures and their underlying aesthetic influences. Phrasal and nominal functions of verbs, the aspecto-temporal values of verbs, the importance of propositions or personal pronouns, and the use of predicates and argumentation are some of the facets that the third chapter studies. The shift in the fourth chapter is towards the ideological space within the poems, in an effort to discern the representations of social, religious and political conflicts in the poems. The fifth chapter focuses on the processes of death and resurrection in the spatio-temporal structure that is apparent in the poems of Ghassan Matar, most significantly in the spaces of the nation, the country and earth. By associating this spatio-temporal structure to historical as well as religious figures such as Antoine Saada, Jesus Christ and Al Hussein, the poet endeavoured to defy the reality of death through resurrection. Through a profound exploration of significant structures in the poetry of Ghassan Matar, the current thesis brought to light a comprehensive poetic and ideological structure. The poet was able to merge his political obligations with distinctive poetic construction through his successful engagement in a variety of themes, structures, imagery and underlying symbolism.
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Youness Zalzali. The signifiant structure in poems of Ghassan Matar. Literature. Université libanaise. Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines III (Tripoli), 2019. Arabic. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAL022⟩. ⟨tel-02490597⟩

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