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Vers l'éco-anthropologie. Une approche multidisciplinaire de l'Agdal pastoral du Yagour (Haut Atlas de Marrakech)

Abstract : We have developped a research with a holist spirit, about the small community of the Ait Ikis agro-pastors of the high valley of the Zat (High Atlas of Marrakech), and how their relation to the territory of Yagour, managed by the agdal institution, has changed in the last century. By doing this, we have tested our three intial hypotheses: 1- The traditional system of the agdal of Yagour was a globally sustainable system that has suffered strong perturbation and is now in crisis, mainly because of its growing contact with the industrialized societies. 2- The agdal has a potential in terms of socio-economic development and environmental conservation. 3- A profound transdisciplinary approach is necessary to understand these complex ecoanthropological problems. To test our hypotheses, in Chapter II we have started from a study of the geographical, social and historical context of the community Ait Ikis, the Mesioua tribe of which the first makes part. In Chapter III we have made an effort to describe in detail the economical and agronomic system, which plays a crucial role in the uses of the Yagour. In Chapter IV, we have tried to understand an important part of the symbolic culture in which the agro-economical system is integrated. At last, in Chapter V, we have shown how different ecoanthropological changes noticed in the Ait Ikis could have affected the local system, and very especially concerning the state of the environment of the Yagour. To conclude, we have confirmed our hypotheses, and specially confirmed our support to “a transdisciplinarity that combines specialized disciplines”.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 24, 2020 - 11:48:37 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 8:25:04 AM
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Pablo Domínguez. Vers l'éco-anthropologie. Une approche multidisciplinaire de l'Agdal pastoral du Yagour (Haut Atlas de Marrakech). Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes En Sciences Sociales Paris, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-02489095⟩

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