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La concentration industrielle dans la France de Vichy à partir de l'exemple de l'inspection générale de la Production industrielle de Dijon

Abstract : The industrial concentration is part of the industrialization and is then a long-lasting phenomenon. In the first decades of the 20th century, the differing interpretations of this process are much debated both politically and economically.The Occupation has redefined the stakes of this notion by distorting it partially. From the original meaning of industrial concentration, it then has evolved into a programme of closures of the SME considered as useless at a time when shortages were affecting numerous areas. Many actors will turn industrial concentration into a closure process. Vichy has creatednew economical structures: the ministry of the industrial Production, the organization committees and the OCRPI. They respectively aim at leading the industrial policy, organizing branches and managing the shortages due to the June 1940 defeat. The new ministry of the industrial Production has established regional delegations. The Dijon delegation is an ideal place to consider the reality of the concentration/closure, being at the very heart of the companies. This economical option should not be underestimated as 15 000 companies at the national level were affected.Studying the industrial concentration in the France of Vichy globally and locally brings to light several ambiguities of this regime resulting from the June 1940 defeat. The main two ones are, first, the will to maintain the fiction of the national sovereignty while the german seizure is even more increasing. And second, the recurrent and delusive affirmation to defend the craftsmen and the SME when actually, those economic structures are the first ones to be closed.The study of the concentration under Vichy cannot be limited to that time alone, as, surprisingly, the GPRF even if it promotes a total breaking off with the economic Vichy ideology has maintained into effect for almost 2 years the economic texts adopted under the Occupation and what is more, planned a new concentration/closure process in spring 1945.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02484354, version 1

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Dimitri Vouzelle. La concentration industrielle dans la France de Vichy à partir de l'exemple de l'inspection générale de la Production industrielle de Dijon. Histoire. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2104⟩. ⟨tel-02484354⟩

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