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Enseignement / apprentissage de l'arabe destiné aux enfants nés en France : enjeux identitaires, sociolinguistiques et didactiques

Abstract : Learning the Arabic language in Muslim associative schools has for years become a deeply rooted tradition in the French scenery. Indeed, the law of 1901 had favored places of worship in France, leading to the emergence of several associative entities. However, one can note a lack of guidance and methodology in the teaching and learning of Arabic in these associations. The present thesis proposes an empirical study on the realities of learning Arabic within these religious associations and aims at remedying the shortcomings encountered in this context. Our approach consists in examining the situation by identifying the constraints (diversity of the population, Learners' mother tongues ...) and determining the desired objectives, for the purpose of proposing an alternative that meets the expectations of the parents and allowing the children from different origins, who were born in France, to access the Arabic language via an effective method. This latter suggests to combine several approaches to plurilingualism which favor the use of first languages in the classroom and draw on learners' previous knowledge. After studying and analyzing the results obtained from the various external players (parents, teachers, etc.) and through our involvement in the association "Parents’ Social Committee and Friends of Muslim Learners at Lyon5e» We have been able to develop a didactic manual "contextualized" entitled: "I speak French and I learn Arabic". Setting this manual has shown the possibility and even the necessity of using the didactics of plurilingualism, which has been adapted to this field by bringing it into line with the standards of the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 19, 2020 - 12:07:15 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 20, 2020 - 1:37:53 AM


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Akima Soltani. Enseignement / apprentissage de l'arabe destiné aux enfants nés en France : enjeux identitaires, sociolinguistiques et didactiques. Linguistique. Université d'Angers, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ANGE0062⟩. ⟨tel-02484298v2⟩



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