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Perception des risques liés à la pollution de l'air à Beyrouth (Liban)

Abstract : Beirut, the Lebanese capital, is under heavy air pollution and roas traffic is a major problem in this city ; also it is one of the main sources of air pollution. Several studies have shown that levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) and particulates matters are above the thresholds set by the World Health Organization (WHO). A good governance of air pollution means a good understanding of the interactions between inhabitants, decision-makers and institutions, and integration if the inhabitant - perception and behavior - into decion-making. To assess the problems that may hinder the application of good air quality governance, two separate surveys were conducted. The first, a questionnaire survey for the population of the Greater Beirut Area (GBA), and the second an interview survey for the public and private stakeholders and media companies. Our questionnaire survey conducted in 2016 in the (GBA) shows that the population perceives this pollution and its primary source : road trafiic. Nevertheless, this pollution and road traffic are perceived as secondary risks in terms of importance, as the population is focusing more on the problems of the civil security ans its risks. This study also shows that people generally believe that the air pollution in Beirut, affects others more than themselves. Different perceptions of risks in general and environmental risks in particular have been found for different social and religious classes, but at this stage we cannot really explain the latter. On another level, Beirutis are not informed about environmental policies, and do not trust their decision-makers or experts. They do not try to fight against this type pollution, nor to change their behavior and escape it as it is found that Beirutis have a fatalistic attitude towards this environmental risk. On their part, decision-makers have no trust in the population and generally, there is no communication between the two parties. Both count on the media to communicate this risk and its different policies, but the media organizations focus only on what they call "current" and "interesting" themes. Subjects do not necessarily talk about air pollution.
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Mehsen Khazen. Perception des risques liés à la pollution de l'air à Beyrouth (Liban). Sociologie. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale; Université Saint-Joseph (Beyrouth). Département de géographie, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019DUNK0541⟩. ⟨tel-02483507⟩

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