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Development of a laser heterodyne radiometer for atmospheric remote sensing

Abstract : The measurement of vertical concentration profiles of atmospheric trace gases provides a better insight into air pollution, ozone destruction and climate change as well as a way to validate chemical models and satellite observations. To that end, laser heterodyne radiometer (LHR) offers significant benefits in terms of high spectral resolution, high sensitivity and high vertical resolution in conjunction with a compact instrumental size deployable for field applications. The aim of this thesis is to develop a fully transportable mid-infrared (mid-IR) LHR instrument for ground-based remote sensing of key trace gases in the atmospheric column. In order to test our design and characterize its performance, a proof of concept (PoC) mid-IR LHR receiver was first developed. Its field test was carried out on the QualAir platform of the University Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) with the help of a heliostat of the TCCON-Paris station (TCCON : Total Carbon Column Observing Network). LHR absorption spectrum of CH₄ in the atmospheric column was extracted from the solar radiation using the developed ground-based LHR receiver and it is good agreement with the spectrum measured by the TCCON-Paris station. After this field test validation, a fully transportable mid-IR LHR instrument was developed and deployed on the roof of the IRENE platform of the University of Littoral-Côte d'Opale (ULCO) in Dunkirk. LHR spectrum of CH₄ and N₂O in the atmospheric column was measured and in good agreement with the TCCON FT-IR spectrum of CH₄ and N₂O, as well as in good agreement with the atmospheric transmission modelling. The fully transportable mid-IR LHR instrument developed in this PhD work has high potential use in measurement of vertical concentration profiles of key atmospheric species on spacecraft, on airbone or on ground-based platform.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 5:02:10 PM
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Fengjiao Shen. Development of a laser heterodyne radiometer for atmospheric remote sensing. Instrumentation and Detectors [physics.ins-det]. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019DUNK0542⟩. ⟨tel-02483498⟩

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