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Approche sociolinguistique et didactique du français des enseignants et des étudiants en contexte universitaire gabonais : variations et interactions formelles et informelles

Abstract : Our PhD thesis deals with the use of the French language in the Gabonese University context. Since Gabon is one of the few plurilingual francophone countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with no L1 common local language spoken by everybody, the French language is the exclusive official language. It also serves as the vernacular language and that of communication among the different members of the ethnolinguistic groups. A survey carried there on the French language in Gabon shows that it has undergone some changes in the everyday communication milieu. Given the total issues at stake that our field of research presents, we concentrate our research project on a public of proven francophones who are University professors and students from whom we collected the data of our corpus during Linguistic Science classes. Our study has therefore two approaches. On the one hand, the sociolinguistic approach which helped us to study the changes of the French language spoken by University professors and students and, on the other hand, the didactic approach for the analysis of formal and informal interactions produced by the University professors and the students. The results of the analyses of our field study carried in Gabon show that the norms are interwoven in a didactic context. The endogenous norms, that’s to say a variety of the French language and the use of local languages, have no limit, they go beyond the language frontiers of the formal framework. The endogenous and the exogenous variety of the French language are then intertwined in a partnership of languages and cultures.
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Elza Kogou Nzamba. Approche sociolinguistique et didactique du français des enseignants et des étudiants en contexte universitaire gabonais : variations et interactions formelles et informelles. Littératures. Université d'Angers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ANGE0049⟩. ⟨tel-02479519⟩

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