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L'insertion spatiale des projets "exceptionnels" de clusters-campus : comparaison internationale France-Russie

Abstract : Whether we call them clusters, technopoles, campus or Knowledge Industries, these places, symbols and indices of metropolisation, multiply in the Western world. They aim to connect stakeholders in the production of knowledge and companies with the aim of stimulating the emergence of innovations. Our thesis work aims to question the production methods of these places, specifics by their form and their function, the system of stakeholders that is at the origin of them and their relationship to the territory, from a multi-scalar perspective. The spatial inscription of a campus or a cluster in its urban environment cannot be understood without an analysis of the relationships between the various stakeholders involved. We hypothesize that the interactions between the stakeholders of urban production and those of the university system and the production of knowledge are crucial to understanding the territorial integration of a cluster or a campus. These stakeholders are placed in a complex system of interactions that we have tried to explain. By comparing two self-proclaimed "exceptional" projects - the Paris-Saclay campus and the Skolkovo Innovation Center in Moscow, this thesis shows that historical, social and urban contexts are decisive factors in the appropriation of the "urban model" of campus-cluster and that the factors of acclimatization and translation remain powerful, even in a context of globalization. This work aims to highlight the paths of dependency, both in scientific and urban policies, that determine the spatial configuration of projects that showcase the knowledge economy
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Submitted on : Friday, February 14, 2020 - 10:33:23 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 23, 2020 - 7:02:43 PM

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Meriam Chaab-Vallet. L'insertion spatiale des projets "exceptionnels" de clusters-campus : comparaison internationale France-Russie. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PESC2043⟩. ⟨tel-02478855⟩

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