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La destruction écologique, de ses causes, capitalocène-estadocène, aux propositions de remèdes

Abstract : Ecological destruction is the new big planetary problem that has appeared on the media scene between the 1970s and 1980s. Briefly, a destruction is a annihilation, and ecology refers to the study of an ecosystem, wich is, interactions of organisms with each other and with their environment (humans as natural beings are of course part of this concept of ecosystem). Thus, the concept of ecological destruction as we use it does not only concern the many environmental imbalances we face today, but also encompasses those occurring in the core of human societies. The scientifical questioning which motivat this work is: What exactly are the consequences of this ecological destruction? How is it defined and manifested in the facts? Why can we say that it causes a real state of crisis? What meaning do we give to the notion of crisis? What are the real causes? What are the alternatives which we could set against this state of crisis generalized? And to what extent these alternatives can be assumed and defended as completely revolutionary?To answer this problem, we made the choice to analyze this ecological destruction in three layers, from a macroscopic point of view to a microscopic point of view. Thus, in a first moment, we are interested in its widest and most diffuse dimension, namely environmental destruction. Then, we adopted an anthropological point of view, and thus narrows the field of analysis, by examining the ethno-socio-environmental destruction, through an ethnographic survey conducted in Chile, in Mapuche territory. Finally, we ended up studying human subjectivity, through its destruction, that is, its oppression and repression.
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Melanie Meireles. La destruction écologique, de ses causes, capitalocène-estadocène, aux propositions de remèdes. Philosophie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II; Universidad de Chile, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU20107⟩. ⟨tel-02478773⟩



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