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Influence des contraintes sur la reconstruction de l'Au (111)

Abstract : The evolution of the surface reconstruction of the Au(111) under stress-strain has been studied in the context of an experimental approach, both by tunneling microscopy under ultra-vacuum environment coupled to a compression device, and numerically by molecular dynamics simulations. At first, we studied the interaction between atomic steps (vicinal or slip traces) and reconstruction. In particular, we showed experimentally a strong dependence of the length of the reconstruction with the width of the terraces, in very good agreement with the atomistic simulations. We have quantitatively demonstrated that this behavior is originated from the release of surface stress, both along and perpendicular to the atomic steps. Subsequently, we have shown that the appearance of a slip traces, resulting from the emergence of dislocations at the surface, induce a reorganization of the reconstruction, characterized by the formation of a U-shaped pattern. We also observed experimentally the presence of kinks along the trace. The simulations confirmed that these kinks are correlated with the modification of the reconstruction. At last, the study focused on the evolution of the chevron pattern under applied stress-strain. Experimental observations have shown that a macroscopic compressive strain involved a modification of the herringbone structure. Molecular dynamics simulations allowed to analyze the influence of stress orientation on surface threading dislocations. We have shown that an irreversible reorganisation of the herringbone structure takes place, characterized by the annihilation of the surface threading dislocations and the removal of the herringbone structure.
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Dimitri Chauraud. Influence des contraintes sur la reconstruction de l'Au (111). Matériaux et structures en mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Poitiers, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019POIT2295⟩. ⟨tel-02477968⟩

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