R. Borrelli, A. Riccio, D. Tescione, R. Gardi, and G. Marino, « Thermo-structural behaviour of an UHTC made nose cap of a reentry vehicle, Acta Astronaut, vol.65, issue.3, pp.442-456, 2009.

N. E. Paton, « Materials for advanced space propulsion systems, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol.143, issue.1, pp.21-29, 1991.

C. Piriou, « Etude du comportement à l'oxydation de céramiques ultraréfractaires à base de diborure d'hafnium (ou zirconium) et de carbure de silicium sous oxygène moléculaire et dissocié », thèse, 2018.

J. K. Kriegesmann-;-v, É. Sarin, and . Oxford, 04 -Processing of Silicon Carbide-Based Ceramics, Comprehensive Hard Materials, pp.89-175, 2014.

H. O. Pierson, Handbook of Refractory Carbides and Nitrides: Properties, Characteristics, Processing and Applications, 1996.

W. S. Williams, « Transition-metal carbides, Prog. Solid State Chem, vol.6, pp.57-118, 1971.

H. O. Pierson, 4 -Carbides of Group IV: Titanium, Zirconium, and Hafnium Carbides, pp.55-80, 1996.

C. W. Watson, « Nuclear rockets: High-performance propulsion for Mars, 1994.

D. G. Czechowicz, F. G. Hampel, and E. E. , Storms, « High-temperature mixed carbide fuels for space propulsion reactors, AIP Conf. Proc, vol.217, pp.1059-1063, 1991.

H. J. Boving and H. E. Hintermann, « Wear-resistant hard titanium carbide coatings for space applications, Tribol. Int, vol.23, issue.2, pp.129-133, 1990.

Y. Katoh, G. Vasudevamurthy, T. Nozawa, and L. L. Snead, « Properties of zirconium carbide for nuclear fuel applications, J. Nucl. Mater, vol.441, pp.718-742, 2013.

L. Charpentier, M. Balat-pichelin, and E. F. Audubert, High temperature oxidation of SiC under helium with low-pressure oxygen-Part 1: Sintered ?-SiC », J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.30, pp.2653-2660, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02313754

V. Haase, Si Silicon: System Si-C. SiC: Natural Occurrence. Preparation and Manufacturing Chemistry. Special Forms. Manufacture. Electrochemical Properties. Chemical Reactions. Applications. Ternary and Higher Systems with Si and C, Éd, pp.6-518, 1985.

G. G. Gnesin, « Wear resistance of silicon carbide and nitride based ceramic materials, Powder Metall. Met. Ceram, vol.32, issue.5, pp.381-385, 1993.

R. V. Sara, « The System Zirconium-Carbon », J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.48, issue.5, pp.243-247, 1965.

L. M. Adelsberg, L. H. Cadoff, and J. M. Tobin, Kinetics of the zirconium-carbon reaction at temperatures above, vol.236, pp.972-977, 1966.

E. K. Storms and . Éd, « II -The Zirconium-Zirconium Carbide System, Refractory Materials, vol.2, pp.18-34, 1967.

A. F. Guillermet, Analysis of thermochemical properties and phase stability in the zirconium-carbon system, J. Alloys Compd, vol.217, issue.1, pp.69-89, 1995.

H. Kleykamp and G. Schumacher, « The Constitution of the Silicon-Carbon System, Berichte Bunsenges. Für Phys. Chem, vol.97, issue.6, pp.799-804, 1993.

H. O. Pierson, « 3 -Interstitial Carbides, Structure and Composition », in Handbook of Refractory Carbides and Nitrides, pp.17-54, 1996.

F. Réjasse, Etude de la réactivité des dioxydes métalliques du groupe IVb en présence de carbone par une approche (micro)-structurale : Application à la modélisation des diagrammes de phases ternaires Me-C-O (où Me = Ti, Zr, Hf) », thèse, 2015.

S. K. Sarkar, A. D. Miller, and J. I. Mueller, « Solubility of Oxygen in ZrC, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.55, pp.628-630, 1972.

A. Ouensanga and M. Dode, « Study of oxygen solubility in zirconium carbide at 1555 deg C with free carbon and in thermodynamical equilibrium conditions, Rev. Int. Hautes Temp. Refract, vol.11, issue.1, pp.35-39, 1974.

P. Barnier and F. Thévenot, « Synthesis and hot-pressing of single-phase ZrCxOy and two-phase ZrCxOy-ZrO2 materials », Int. J. High Technol. Ceram, vol.2, pp.291-307, 1986.

W. Xu, F. Xia, L. Chen, M. Wu, T. Gang et al., « High-temperature mechanical and thermodynamic properties of silicon carbide polytypes, J. Alloys Compd, vol.768, pp.722-732, 2018.

E. D. Whitney and . Polymorphism, Silicon Carbide », vol.199, p.278, 1963.

K. Schönfeld, H. Martin, and A. Michaelis, « Pressureless sintering of ZrC with variable stoichiometry, J. Adv. Ceram, vol.6, issue.2, pp.165-175, 2017.

R. Lucas, « Elaboration of ZrC-SiC composites by spark plasma sintering using polymer-derived ceramics, Ceram. Int, vol.40, issue.10, pp.15703-15709, 2014.

G. Antou, « Thermomechanical properties of a spark plasma sintered ZrC-SiC composite obtained by a precursor derived ceramic route, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol.643, pp.1-11, 2015.

C. Musa, Mechanical and Optical Properties of Additive-Free ZrC Ceramics Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering, Mater. Basel Switz, vol.9, issue.6, 2016.

D. Sciti, S. Guicciardi, and M. Nygren, « Spark plasma sintering and mechanical behaviour of ZrC-based composites, Scr. Mater, vol.59, issue.6, pp.638-641, 2008.

V. M. Baranov, V. I. Knyazev, and O. S. Korostin, « The temperature dependence of the elastic constants of nonstoichiometric zirconium carbides, Strength Mater, vol.5, issue.9, pp.1074-1077, 1973.

M. Gendre, A. Maître, and G. Trolliard, « Synthesis of zirconium oxycarbide (ZrCxOy) powders: Influence of stoichiometry on densification kinetics during spark plasma sintering and on mechanical properties, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.31, issue.13, pp.2377-2385, 2011.

X. He, L. Shu, H. Li, H. Li, and S. Lee, « Structural characteristics and hardness of zirconium carbide films prepared by tri-ion beam-assisted deposition, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, vol.16, issue.4, pp.2337-2344, 1998.

K. Yamada and M. Mohri, « Properties and Applications of Silicon Carbide Ceramics », in Silicon Carbide Ceramics-1: Fundamental and Solid Reaction, S. Sömiya et Y. Inomata, Éd. Dordrecht, pp.13-44, 1991.

E. Schreiber and N. Soga, « Elastic Constants of Silicon Carbide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.49, issue.6, pp.342-342, 1966.

S. Hayun, « Microstructure and mechanical properties of silicon carbide processed by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS), Ceram. Int, vol.38, issue.8, pp.6335-6340

R. Vassen and D. Stöver, Processing and properties of nanograin silicon carbide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.82, issue.10, pp.2585-2593, 1999.

Z. Ya?ar, V. A. Delucca, and R. A. Haber, « Influence of oxygen content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of SPS SiC, Ceram. Int, vol.44, pp.23248-23253, 2018.

H. Martin, R. Ecke, and E. E. Müller, « Synthesis of nanocrystalline silicon carbide powder by carbothermal reduction, Références bibliographiques, vol.18, pp.1737-1742, 1998.

R. Koc and S. V. Cattamanchi, « Synthesis of beta silicon carbide powders using carbon coated fumed silica, J. Mater. Sci, vol.33, issue.10, pp.2537-2549, 1998.

P. J. Guichelaar-;-a, . Weimer, . Éd, and . Dordrecht, Carbide, Nitride and Boride Materials Synthesis and Processing, pp.115-129, 1997.

A. Maitre and P. Lefort, « Solid state reaction of zirconia with carbon, Solid State Ion, vol.104, issue.1, pp.109-122, 1997.

A. D. Mazzoni and M. S. Conconi, « Synthesis of Group IVB Metals Oxicarbides by Carboreduction Reactions », Mater. Res, vol.5, issue.4, pp.459-466, 2002.

L. Berger, W. Gruner, E. Langholf, and E. S. Stolle, « On the mechanism of carbothermal reduction processes of TiO2 and ZrO2 », Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater, vol.17, issue.1, pp.235-243, 1999.

F. Réjasse, O. Rapaud, G. Trolliard, O. Masson, and E. A. Maître, « Experimental investigation and thermodynamic evaluation of the C-O-Zr ternary system, RSC Adv, vol.6, pp.100122-100135, 2016.

J. B. Holt and S. D. Dunmead, Self-Heating Synthesis of Materials, vol.21, pp.305-334, 1991.

J. and C. Fernandes, « X-ray diffraction characterisation of carbide and carbonitride of Ti and Zr prepared through reaction between metal powders and carbon powders (graphitic or amorphous) in a solar furnace, Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater, vol.17, issue.6, pp.437-443, 1999.

R. Pampuch and L. Stobierski, « Solid combustion synthesis of refractory carbides: (A review), Ceram. Int, vol.17, issue.2, pp.69-77, 1991.

G. H. Reynolds, J. C. Janvier, J. L. Kaae, and J. P. Morlevat, « Irradiation behavior of experimental fuel particles containing chemically vapor deposited zirconium carbide coatings », J. Nucl. Mater, vol.62, issue.1, pp.9-16, 1976.

T. Ogawa, K. Ikawa, and K. Iwamoto, Effect of gas composition on the deposition of ZrC-C mixtures: The bromide process, J. Mater. Sci, vol.14, issue.1, pp.125-132, 1979.

K. Ikawa, « Vapor deposition of zirconium carbide-carbon composites by the iodide process, J. Common Met, vol.27, issue.3, pp.325-332

T. Ogawa, K. Ikawa, and K. Iwamoto, « Chemical vapor deposition of ZrC within a spouted bed by bromide process », J. Nucl. Mater, vol.97, issue.1, pp.104-112, 1981.

Y. Jung, S. Park, and S. Choi, Effect of CH4 and H2 on CVD of SiC and TiC for possible fabrication of SiC/TiC/C FGM », vol.30, pp.339-345, 1997.

S. Jacques, A. Guette, F. Langlais, R. Naslain, and «. , B) materials as interphases in SiC/SiC model microcomposites, J. Mater. Sci, vol.32, issue.4, pp.983-988, 1997.

J. C. Liao, J. L. Crowley, and P. H. Klein, « ?-Silicon Carbide Prepared by Rapid Thermal Chemical Vapor Deposition, Amorphous and Crystalline Silicon Carbide II, pp.20-25, 1989.

K. Minato and K. Fukuda, « Chemical vapor deposition of silicon carbide for coated fuel particles, J. Nucl. Mater, vol.149, issue.2, pp.233-246, 1987.

M. Dollé, D. Gosset, C. Bogicevic, F. Karolak, D. Simeone et al., « Synthesis of nanosized zirconium carbide by a sol-gel route, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.27, issue.4, pp.2061-2067, 2007.

C. Ang, T. Williams, A. Seeber, H. Wang, and Y. Cheng, « Synthesis and Evolution of Zirconium Carbide via Sol-Gel Route: Features of Nanoparticle Oxide-Carbon Reactions, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.96, issue.4, pp.1099-1106, 2013.

V. Raman, O. P. Bahl, and U. Dhawan, « Synthesis of silicon carbide through the sol-gel process from different precursors, J. Mater. Sci, vol.30, issue.10, pp.2686-2693, 1995.

M. D. Sacks, C. Wang, Z. Yang, and A. Jain, « Carbothermal reduction synthesis of nanocrystalline zirconium carbide and hafnium carbide powders using solution-derived precursors, J. Mater. Sci, vol.39, pp.6057-6066, 2004.

Y. Kurokawa, S. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, M. Shimazaki, and M. Takahashi, « Preparation of refractory carbide fibers by thermal decomposition of transition metal, J. Mater. Res, vol.13, issue.3, pp.760-765, 1998.

Y. Yan, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and E. D. Jiang, « Carbothermal synthesis of ultra-fine zirconium carbide powders using inorganic precursors via sol-gel method, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol, vol.44, issue.1, pp.81-85, 2007.

Z. Omidi, A. Ghasemi, and S. R. Bakhshi, « Synthesis and characterization of SiC ultrafine particles by means of sol-gel and carbothermal reduction methods, Ceram. Int, vol.41, issue.4, pp.5779-5784, 2015.

J. Li, J. Tian, and L. Dong, « Synthesis of SiC precursors by a two-step sol-gel process and their conversion to SiC powders, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.20, issue.11, pp.1853-1857, 2000.

X. Y. Tao, W. F. Qiu, H. Li, T. Zhao, and X. Y. Wei, « New route to synthesize preceramic polymers for zirconium carbide, Chin. Chem. Lett, vol.23, issue.9, pp.1075-1078

P. Colombo, G. Mera, R. Riedel, and G. D. Sorarù, Polymer-Derived Ceramics: 40 Years of Research and Innovation in Advanced Ceramics, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.93, issue.7, pp.1805-1837, 2010.

W. Verbeek, « Production of shaped articles of homogeneous mixtures of silicon carbide and nitride, vol.3853567, pp.10-1974

S. Yajima, Y. Hasegawa, J. Hayashi, and M. Iimura, « Synthesis of continuous silicon carbide fibre with high tensile strength and high Young's modulus », J. Mater. Sci, vol.13, pp.2569-2576, 1978.

X. Yuan, H. Jin, X. Yan, L. Cheng, L. Hu et al., « Synthesis of ordered mesoporous silicon oxycarbide monoliths via preceramic polymer nanocasting, Microporous Mesoporous Mater, vol.147, issue.1, pp.252-258

M. Huang, Y. Fang, R. Li, T. Huang, Z. Yu et al., « Synthesis and properties of liquid polycarbosilanes with hyperbranched structures, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, vol.113, issue.3, pp.1611-1618, 2009.

T. H. Huang, One-pot synthesis and characterization of a new, branched polycarbosilane bearing allyl groups, vol.18, pp.754-757, 2007.

H. Li, Polymer-ceramic conversion of a highly branched liquid polycarbosilane for SiC-based ceramics, J. Mater. Sci, vol.43, issue.8, pp.2806-2811, 2008.

P. , Polymer Derived Engineering Ceramics », Adv. Eng. Mater, vol.2, issue.6, pp.339-348, 2000.

S. Park, « Fabrication of three-dimensional SiC ceramic microstructures with near-zero shrinkage via dual crosslinking induced stereolithography, Chem. Commun. Camb. Engl, vol.32, pp.4880-4882, 2009.

R. Sreeja, B. Swaminathan, A. Painuly, T. V. Sebastian, and S. Packirisamy, AHPCS) as matrix resin for C/SiC ceramic matrix composites, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, vol.168, pp.204-207

S. Kaur, R. Riedel, and E. E. Ionescu, « Pressureless fabrication of dense monolithic SiC ceramics from a polycarbosilane, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.34, 2014.

F. Dalcanale, « Influence of carbon enrichment on electrical conductivity and processing of polycarbosilane derived ceramic for MEMS applications, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.34, pp.3559-3570, 2014.

H. Wu, W. Zhang, and J. Zhang, « Pyrolysis synthesis and microstructure of zirconium carbide from new preceramic polymers, Ceram. Int, vol.40, issue.4, pp.5967-5972, 2014.

L. Charpentier, M. Balat-pichelin, D. Sciti, and L. Silvestroni, « High temperature oxidation of Zr-and Hf-carbides: Influence of matrix and sintering additive, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.33, pp.2867-2878

L. Silvestroni and D. Sciti, « Microstructure and properties of pressureless sintered ZrC-based materials, J. Mater. Res, vol.23, issue.7, pp.1882-1889, 2008.

L. Silvestroni, D. Sciti, J. Kling, S. Lauterbach, and H. Kleebe, « Sintering Mechanisms of Zirconium and Hafnium Carbides Doped with MoSi2, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.92, issue.7, pp.1574-1579, 2009.

R. M. Williams, B. N. Juterbock, C. R. Peters, T. J. Whalen, and A. H. Heuer, « Forming and Sintering Behavior of B-and C-Doped ? and ?-SiC », J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.67, issue.4, pp.62-64, 1984.

H. Tanaka, Y. Inomata, K. Hara, and H. Hasegawa, « Normal sintering of Al-doped ?-SiC, J. Mater. Sci. Lett, vol.4, pp.315-317, 1985.

W. J. Clegg, « Role of Carbon in the Sintering of Boron-Doped Silicon Carbide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.83, issue.5, pp.1039-1043, 2000.

C. Greskovich and J. H. Rosolowski, Sintering of Covalent Solids, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.59, pp.336-343, 1976.

H. Gu, Y. Shinoda, and F. Wakai, « Detection of Boron Segregation to Grain Boundaries in Silicon Carbide by Spatially Resolved Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.82, issue.2, pp.469-472, 1999.

L. Stobierski and A. Gubernat, Sintering of silicon carbide II. Effect of boron, Ceram. Int, vol.29, issue.4, pp.355-361, 2003.

P. Barnier, C. Brodhag, and F. Thevenot, « Hot-pressing kinetics of zirconium carbide, J. Mater. Sci, vol.21, issue.7, pp.2547-2552, 1986.

X. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Kan, and G. Zhang, « Effect of solid solution formation on densification of hot-pressed ZrC ceramics with MC (M=V, Nb, and Ta) additions », J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.32, issue.8, pp.1795-1802

S. Dutta and . High, Strength Silicon Carbides by Hot Isostatic Pressing », Solid State Phenomena, pp.445-455, 1991.

E. J. Lee, D. H. Lee, J. C. Kim, and D. J. Kim, « Densification behavior of high purity SiC by hot pressing, Ceram. Int, vol.40, issue.10, pp.16389-16392, 2014.

R. S. Kumar, D. Sivakumar, and A. S. Gandhi, « Processing and properties of silicon carbide and its composites containing MoSi2 and ZrB2, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol.540, pp.107-114, 2012.

E. A. Olevsky and L. Froyen, « Impact of Thermal Diffusion on Densification During SPS, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.92, pp.122-132, 2009.

Z. A. Munir, U. Anselmi-tamburini, and E. M. Ohyanagi, « The effect of electric field and pressure on the synthesis and consolidation of materials: A review of the spark plasma sintering method, J. Mater. Sci, vol.41, issue.3, pp.763-777

T. Misawa, N. Shikatani, Y. Kawakami, T. Enjoji, Y. Ohtsu et al., « Observation of internal pulsed current flow through the ZnO specimen in the spark plasma sintering method, J. Mater. Sci, vol.44, issue.6, pp.1641-1651, 2009.

L. Yu, « Synthesis and densification of ultra-fine ZrC powders-effects of C/Zr ratio », Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater, vol.81, pp.149-154, 2019.

A. Rahman, A. Singh, S. P. Harimkar, and R. P. Singh, « Mechanical characterization of fine grained silicon carbide consolidated using polymer pyrolysis and spark plasma sintering, Ceram. Int, vol.40, issue.8, pp.12081-12091, 2014.

P. Barick, D. Chakravarty, B. P. Saha, R. Mitra, and S. V. Joshi, « Effect of pressure and temperature on densification, microstructure and mechanical properties of spark plasma sintered silicon carbide processed with ?-silicon carbide nanopowder and sintering additives, Ceram. Int, vol.42, issue.3, pp.3836-3848, 2016.

F. Guillard, A. Allemand, J. Lulewicz, and J. Galy, « Densification of SiC by SPS-effects of time, temperature and pressure, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.27, issue.7, pp.2725-2728, 2007.

H. F. Jackson and W. E. Lee, « 2.13 -Properties and Characteristics of ZrC, Comprehensive Nuclear Materials, R. J. M. Konings, Éd, pp.339-372, 2012.

Z. Li and R. C. Bradt, « Thermal expansion of the cubic (3C) polytype of SiC, J. Mater. Sci, vol.21, pp.4366-4368, 1986.

Z. Li and R. C. Bradt, « Thermal Expansion of the Hexagonal (6H) Polytype of Silicon Carbide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.69, pp.863-866, 1986.

R. G. Munro, « Material Properties of a Sintered ?-SiC », J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, vol.26, issue.5, pp.1195-1203, 1997.

P. V. Zubarev and L. N. Dement'ev, Influence of the Type of Loading on High-Temperature Creep of Zirconium Carbide. », Probl. Prochnosti, vol.5, pp.61-64, 1973.

G. Antou, M. Gendre, E. Laborde, A. Maître, and G. Trolliard, « High temperature compressive creep of spark plasma sintered zirconium (oxy-)carbide », Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol.612, pp.326-334, 2014.

R. Darolia and T. F. Archbold, « Plastic deformation of polycrystalline zirconium carbide, J. Mater. Sci, vol.11, issue.2, pp.283-290, 1976.

M. L. Duval-riviere, C. Carry, and J. Vicens, « Microstructural Study of Deformation Mechanisms in Polycrystalline ?-SiC Deformed at High Temperature, Phys. Status Solidi A, vol.155, issue.1, pp.63-82, 1996.

M. E. Sixta, X. F. Zhang, and L. C. Jonghe, « Flexural Creep of an in Situ-Toughened Silicon Carbide, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.84, issue.9, pp.2022-2028, 2001.

A. Lara, A. Muñoz, and M. Castillo-rodríguez, Domínguez-Rodríguez, « Hightemperature compressive creep of spark-plasma sintered additive-free polycrystalline ?-SiC », J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.32, pp.3445-3451, 2012.

S. Shimada and T. Ishil, « Oxidation Kinetics of Zirconium Carbide at Relatively Low Temperatures, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.73, issue.10, pp.2804-2808, 1990.

G. A. Rama-rao and V. Venugopal, « Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of ZrC, J. Alloys Compd, vol.206, issue.2, pp.237-242, 1994.

J. B. Berkowitz-mattuck, High-Temperature Oxidation IV. Zirconium and Hafnium Carbides, vol.114, pp.1030-1033, 1967.

T. Narushima, T. Goto, T. Hirai, and Y. Iguchi, High-Temperature Oxidation of Silicon Carbide and Silicon Nitride, Mater. Trans. JIM, vol.38, issue.10, pp.821-835, 1997.

J. Eck, M. Balat-pichelin, L. Charpentier, E. Bêche, and F. Audubert, « Behavior of SiC at high temperature under helium with low oxygen partial pressure, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.28, pp.2995-3004, 2008.

M. Balat, G. Flamant, G. Male, and G. Pichelin, « Active to passive transition in the oxidation of silicon carbide at high temperature and low pressure in molecular and atomic oxygen, J. Mater. Sci, vol.27, issue.3, pp.697-703, 1992.

D. J. Park, Y. I. Jung, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Park, and Y. H. Koo, « Oxidation behavior of silicon carbide at 1200°C in both air and water-vapor-rich environments, Corros. Sci, vol.88, pp.416-422, 2014.

Y. Song, S. Dhar, L. C. Feldman, G. Chung, and J. R. Williams, « Modified Deal Grove model for the thermal oxidation of silicon carbide, J. Appl. Phys, vol.95, issue.9, pp.4953-4957, 2004.

J. Roy, S. Chandra, S. Das, and E. S. Maitra, « Oxidation behavior of silicon carbidea review, Rev Adv Mater Sci, vol.38, pp.29-39, 2014.

S. Sagdic, I. Akin, F. Sahin, and O. Yucel, « Mechanical Properties of Spark Plasma Sintered ZrC-SiC Composites, vol.1, 2012.

D. Pizon, L. Charpentier, R. Lucas, S. Foucaud, and A. Maître, Balat-Pichelin, « Oxidation behavior of spark plasma sintered ZrC-SiC composites obtained from the polymer-derived ceramics route, Ceram. Int, vol.40, issue.3, pp.5025-5031

V. V. Vasiliev, E. V. Morozov, ;. V. Introduction, E. V. Vasiliev, and É. Morozov, Advanced Mechanics of Composite Materials and Structures, pp.p. xvii-xxv, 2018.

Ö. E. ??mal and R. Paul, « 17 -Composite textiles in high-performance apparel, High-Performance Apparel, pp.377-420, 2018.

I. M. Low, « 1 -Advances in ceramic matrix composites: an introduction, Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites, I. M. Low, Éd, pp.1-6, 2014.

R. I. Todd, « 4 -Particulate composites, Ceramic-Matrix Composites, I. M. Low, Éd, pp.99-128, 2006.

R. Zhang, X. Hou, C. Ye, and B. Wang, « Enhanced mechanical and thermal properties of anisotropic fibrous porous mullite-zirconia composites produced using sol-gel impregnation, J. Alloys Compd, vol.699, pp.511-516, 2017.

L. Zhao, D. Jia, X. Duan, Z. Yang, and Y. Zhou, « Pressureless sintering of ZrCbased ceramics by enhancing powder sinterability », Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater, vol.29, issue.4, pp.516-521, 2011.

W. Bao, Structural evolution in ZrC-SiC composite irradiated by 4 MeV Au ions, vol.434, pp.23-28, 2018.

B. X. Ma, W. B. Han, and X. H. Zhang, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Hot Pressed ZrC-SiC-ZrB2 Composites, vol.434, pp.173-177, 2010.

L. Yu, L. Feng, and S. Lee, « In situ synthesis, microstructure and mechanical properties of nano-structured SiC-ZrC composite prepared by spark plasma sintering, J. Alloys Compd, vol.738, pp.301-306, 2018.

H. Wang, B. Gao, X. Chen, J. Wang, S. Chen et al., Synthesis and pyrolysis of a novel preceramic polymer PZMS from PMS to fabricate hightemperature-resistant ZrC/SiC ceramic composite, Appl. Organomet. Chem, vol.27, issue.3, pp.166-173, 2013.

C. Huang, Z. Wang, and M. Wang, « Preparation, thermal cure and ceramization of liquid precursors of SiC-ZrC, J. Ind. Eng. Chem, vol.36, pp.80-89, 2016.

Z. Yu, « Preparation, cross-linking and ceramization of AHPCS/Cp2ZrCl2 hybrid precursors for SiC/ZrC/C composites, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.32, issue.6, pp.1291-1298

F. Bouzat, S. Foucaud, Y. Leconte, A. Maître, and R. Lucas, « From click to ceramic: An efficient way to generate multielement Si/Zr/C clicked-polymerderived ceramics (cPDC) », Mater. Lett, vol.106, pp.337-340

Q. Li, « Fabrication of a ZrC-SiC matrix for ceramic matrix composites and its properties, Ceram. Int, vol.38, issue.5, pp.4379-4384, 2012.

K. Jiang, Y. Y. Wang, C. L. Zhou, H. Li, and F. H. Yang, Effects of Viscosity and Pressure on Microstructure and Properties of Cf/SiC-ZrB2 Composites by PIP Process, pp.506-509, 2016.

D. Pizon, R. Lucas, S. Foucaud, and A. Maitre, « ZrC SiC Materials from the Polymer-Derived Ceramics Route, Adv. Eng. Mater, vol.13, issue.7, pp.599-603, 2011.

R. Lucas, D. Pizon, E. Laborde, G. Trolliard, S. Foucaud et al., « A simple route for organic covalent grafting onto zirconium carbide particles, Appl. Surf. Sci, vol.287, pp.411-414, 2013.

H. Laadoua, R. Lucas, Y. Champavier, S. Foucaud, R. Zerrouki et al., Processing of in situ synthesized polycarbosilane-derived porous SiC using kraft pulp fibers », vol.191, pp.46-49, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01913194

K. T. Faber and A. G. Evans, « Crack deflection processes-I. Theory, Acta Metall, vol.31, issue.4, pp.565-576, 1983.

R. Riedel and I. Chen, Ceramics Science and Technology, vol.2, 2011.

X. Wang, J. Liu, F. Hou, J. Hu, X. Sun et al., « Synthesis of ZrC-SiC Powders from Hybrid Liquid Precursors with Improved Oxidation Resistance, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.98, issue.1, pp.197-204, 2015.

S. Chen, Y. Gou, H. Wang, and J. Wang, « Fabrication and characterization of precursor-derived non-oxide ZrC-SiC multiphase ultrahigh temperature ceramics, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.36, pp.3843-3850, 2016.

L. Zhao, D. Jia, X. Duan, Z. Yang, and Y. Zhou, « Oxidation of ZrC-30vol% SiC composite in air from low to ultrahigh temperature, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.32, issue.4, pp.947-954, 2012.

Z. Fan, « Oxidation behavior of fine-grained SiC-B4C/C composites up to 1400 °C, Carbon, vol.41, issue.3, pp.429-436, 2003.

A. Paul, J. Binner, and B. Vaidhyanathan, UHTC Composites for Hypersonic Applications, pp.144-166, 2014.

M. Gendre, Approche des mécanismes de synthèse par carboréduction et de frittage « flash » de l'oxycarbure de zirconium, 2010.

M. Seo, S. Kang, Y. Kim, and S. Ryu, « Preparation of highly dispersed ultrafine ZrC by combination of carbothermal reduction of ball-milled ZrO2 and C mixture and bead milling », ResearchGate, Références bibliographiques, vol.41, pp.345-350, 2013.

A. Dasan, R. Lucas, E. Laborde, C. Piriou, and E. S. Foucaud, « Towards a surface functionalisation and grafting of a polycarbosilane onto zirconium carbide particles for the development of hybrid core-shell structures, Appl. Surf. Sci, vol.495, p.143409, 2019.

K. T. Jung and A. T. Bell, « The effects of synthesis and pretreatment conditions on the bulk structure and surface properties of zirconia, J. Mol. Catal. Chem, vol.163, issue.1, pp.27-42, 2000.

G. Antou, G. Mathieu, G. Trolliard, and A. Maître, « Spark plasma sintering of zirconium carbide and oxycarbide: Finite element modeling of current density, temperature, and stress distributions, J. Mater. Res, vol.24, issue.2, pp.404-412, 2009.

H. Li, « Effect of the polycarbosilane structure on its final ceramic yield, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.28, issue.4, pp.887-891, 2008.

M. Schmidt, Molecular-Level Processing of Si-(B)-C Materials with Tailored Nano/Microstructures », vol.23, pp.17103-17117, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01670301

Q. Wen, « Single-source-precursor synthesis of dense SiC/HfCxN1?xbased ultrahigh-temperature ceramic nanocomposites, Nanoscale, vol.6, pp.13678-13689, 2014.

L. B. Capeletti, I. M. Baibich, I. S. Butler, and J. H. Santos, Infrared and Raman spectroscopic characterization of some organic substituted hybrid silicas », Spectrochim. Acta. A. Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc, vol.133, pp.619-625, 2014.

Z. Yu, P. Zhang, Y. Feng, S. Li, and Y. Pei, « Template-Free Synthesis of Porous Fe3O4/SiOC(H) Nanocomposites with Enhanced Catalytic Activity, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.99, issue.8, pp.2615-2624, 2016.

G. R. Finlay, J. S. Hartman, M. F. Richardson, and B. L. Williams, « 29 Si and 13C magic angle spinning n.m.r. spectra of silicon carbide polymorphs, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun, vol.0, issue.3, pp.159-161, 1985.

D. Korytko, « Mesoporous silicon carbide via nanocasting of Ludox® xerogel, RSC Adv, vol.6, pp.108828-108839, 2016.

F. Réjasse, M. Georges, N. Pradeilles, G. Antou, and A. Maître, « Influence of chemical composition on mechanical properties of spark plasma sintered boron carbide monoliths, J. Am. Ceram. Soc, vol.101, issue.9, pp.3767-3772, 2018.

A. Chu, « Carbothermal synthesis of ZrC powders using a combustion synthesis precursor », Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater, vol.36, pp.204-210, 2013.

J. Jiao, H. P. Qiu, X. Q. Li, J. H. Luo, Y. Wang et al., The Pyrolysis Processing of Polycarbosilane Studied by, pp.965-970

B. Du, « Preparation and structural evolution of SiOC preceramic aerogel during high-temperature treatment, Ceram. Int, vol.44, issue.1, pp.563-570, 2018.

M. Li and D. P. Kim, « Silicate glass coated microchannels through a phase conversion process for glass-like electrokinetic performance, Lab. Chip, vol.11, issue.6, pp.1126-1131, 2011.

E. Osei-agyemang, J. F. Paul, R. Lucas, S. Foucaud, and E. S. Cristol, « Periodic DFT and Atomistic Thermodynamic Modeling of Reactivity of H2, O2, and H2O Molecules on Bare and Oxygen Modified ZrC (100) Surface », J. Phys. Chem. C, vol.118, pp.12952-12961, 2014.

M. A. Gondal, T. A. Fasasi, U. Baig, and A. Mekki, « Effects of Oxidizing Media on the Composition, Morphology and Optical Properties of Colloidal Zirconium Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized via Pulsed Laser Ablation in Liquid Technique, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol, vol.18, issue.6, pp.4030-4039, 2018.

H. Kitaoka, K. Ozawa, K. Edamoto, and E. S. Otani, « The interaction of water with oxygen-modified ZrC(100) surfaces », Solid State Commun, vol.118, issue.1, pp.23-26, 2001.

X. Yan, T. T. Tsotsis, and M. Sahimi, « Fabrication of high-surface area nanoporous SiOC materials using pre-ceramic polymer blends and a sacrificial template, Microporous Mesoporous Mater, vol.210, pp.77-85, 2015.

M. Georges, Approche du frittage SPS de céramiques fines de carbure de bore : rôle des poudres initiales et de la mise en forme, 2016.

L. Feng, W. G. Fahrenholtz, G. E. Hilmas, J. Watts, and Y. Zhou, « Densification, microstructure, and mechanical properties of ZrC-SiC ceramics, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., P, pp.5786-5795, 2019.

J. Li, « The focused-ion-beam microscope-More than a precision ion milling machine, JOM, vol.58, issue.3, pp.27-31, 2006.

S. Canovic, T. Jonsson, and M. Halvarsson, Grain contrast imaging in FIB and SEM, vol.126, p.12054, 2008.

D. Bernache-assollant, J. Bonnet, and . Frittage, aspects physico-chimiques Partie 1: frittage en phase solide, Tech. Ing. Sci. Fondam, vol.4, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/emse-00497555

X. Wei, C. Back, O. Izhvanov, O. L. Khasanov, C. D. Haines et al., Spark Plasma Sintering of Commercial Zirconium Carbide Powders: Densification Behavior and Mechanical Properties », Materials, vol.8, pp.6043-6061, 2015.

F. Lomello, G. Bonnefont, Y. Leconte, N. Herlin-boime, and E. G. Fantozzi, « Processing of nano-SiC ceramics: Densification by SPS and mechanical characterization, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.32, issue.3, pp.633-641

L. Zhao, D. Jia, X. Duan, Z. Yang, and Y. Zhou, « Low temperature sintering of ZrC-SiC composite, J. Alloys Compd, vol.509, pp.9816-9820, 2011.

B. Núñez-gonzález, A. L. Ortiz, F. Guiberteau, and M. Nygren, « Spark-plasmasintering kinetics of ZrC-SiC powder mixtures subjected to high-energy co-ballmilling, Ceram. Int, vol.39, issue.8, pp.9691-9697, 2013.

E. Gross, D. B. Dahan, and W. D. Kaplan, « The role of carbon and SiO2 in solidstate sintering of SiC, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc, vol.35, issue.7, 2001.