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La présence américaine dans le Centre-Ouest de la France pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, 1917-1921

Abstract : In the context of the First World War centennial celebrations, this thesis aims towards a new comprehension of the current Great War historiography. Indeed, based on the example of the American forces established in the Central-West region of France between 1917 and 1921, the goal is to find the various connections created on all levels, between the two sides of the Atlantic. In October 1917, the Americans arrive at La Pallice, the port of La Rochelle, and from there they scattered through the region along a logistical axe, towards Tours. From Charente-Maritime to Indre-et-Loire, through the regions of Charente, Deux-Sèvres and Vienne, this study seeks to understand how via the American presence, the Central-West region opened up to the world. The paper shows that up to 1921 wherever there is an American base, the material and cultural physiognomy of the city changes. These aspects enable us to re-examine the term « Americanization » often used by historians in a unidirectional way. Furthermore, the love relationships that flourished between Frenchwomen and Sammies and the marriages that ensued offer the opportunity to reflect on a dialogue about gendered identities on either side of the ocean. Bringing a new light on the economic, social and cultural history of a zone at the back of the Great War, this study places the Central-West region in a connected history, on a scale that is international, thanks to county, communal and national archives.
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Laëtitia Pichard. La présence américaine dans le Centre-Ouest de la France pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, 1917-1921. Histoire. Université de La Rochelle, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LAROF002⟩. ⟨tel-02476441⟩



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