Le numérique en bibliothèque : naissance d'un patrimoine : l'exemple de la Bibliothèque nationale de France (1997-2019)

Abstract : Since the 1980s, physical and digital objects of increasing diversity have been described as "heritage". The idea of a digital heritage is thus institutionalized today. However, according to the experience of the BnF over the past twenty years, these new heritage objects, which range from video games to web archives, from digitized rare and ancient books to online media, are not yet considered legitimate.With a period of experimentation, until 2003, then a period of industrialization and professionalization, until 2008, the continuity between written heritage and digital heritage first helped to establish the place of digital documents and collections within the missions of the library. However, the digital heritage also bring profound changes, inherent in the nature of the web and the documentary objects it generates. Ubiquity, volatility, destructuring, massification, internationalization, transversality: these characteristics of the web have forced the BnF to adapt its work processes, its tools and its organization.The study of the process towards the creation of a new digital heritage involves observing institutional tools, as well as studying the stages of this process and the emotions it arouses. Thus we reveal two complementary aspects of this new digital heritage, questioning in depth the identity and missions of the BnF, in its relationship to society and the world. On the one hand, digital developments help the dissemination, mediation and enhancement of existing heritage; on the other hand, new digital heritage objects emerge. In the original vision of a "very large library, of an entirely new type", the mission of digitization was to reconcile heritage with the nation, using technology. Twenty years of experimentation and practice have apparently ended up reversing this logic, making digital a new heritage which the nation is committed to preserve.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [160 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02475991
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 12, 2020 - 2:01:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 13, 2020 - 1:36:48 AM

File

va_Bermes_emmanuelle.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02475991, version 1

Collections

Citation

Emmanuelle Bermes. Le numérique en bibliothèque : naissance d'un patrimoine : l'exemple de la Bibliothèque nationale de France (1997-2019). Histoire. Paris, Ecole nationale des chartes, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020ENCP0001⟩. ⟨tel-02475991⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1004

Files downloads

354