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Acoustic confinement of Escherichia coli : the impact on biofilm formation

Abstract : Brownian or self-propelled particles in aqueous suspensions can be trapped by acoustic fields generated by piezoelectric transducers usually at frequencies in the Megahertz.The obtained confinement allows the study of rich collective behaviours like clustering or spreading dynamics in microgravity-like conditions. The acoustic field induces the levitation of self- propelled particles and provides secondary lateral forces to capture them at nodal planes. Here, we give a step forward in the field of confined active matter, reporting levitation experiments of bacterial suspensions of Escherichia coli. Clustering of living bacteria ismonitored as a function of time, where different behaviours are clearly distinguished. Upon the removal of the acoustic signal, bacteria rapidly spread, impelled by their own swimming. Trapping of diverse bacteria phenotypes result in irreversible bacteria entanglements and inthe formation of free-floating biofilms.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02475812, version 1

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Salomé Gutierrez Ramos. Acoustic confinement of Escherichia coli : the impact on biofilm formation. Physics [physics]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS599⟩. ⟨tel-02475812⟩

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