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Un cas de résurgence terminologique : la terminologie musicale en usage en France et en Angleterre à la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle

Abstract : The present thesis consists of a synchronic historic study (1650-1700) and a diachronic study (from 1700 onwards) of music terminology in two countries (France and England) and two languages (French and English). We gathered, processed and analysed a corpus of period writings on music (term-extraction corpus), in order to create a terminological database in i-Term. Then, based on a corpus of works published from 1700 onwards (reference corpus), we studied the evolution over time of a number of terms and concepts. Before undertaking this work, we deemed it essential to conduct a literature review on diachronic terminology and to define our theoretical framework, as well as to put forward a typology of diachronic variation. We established a detailed methodology, which may be used for similar work in other fields. Finally, we have put forward a reflection on the role of the terminologist in the linguistic mediation process, as well as mediation tools designed for the various early-music terminology users.Research in historical terminology, as yet relatively scarce, addresses a genuine need in spheres of activity that are undergoing a revival of their practices, the reappropriation of which implies rediscovering ancient terminology. The field of music has been the subject of such a revival, as it saw the emergence of the new sphere of activity of 'ancient music' in the nineteenth century, which then turned into a subject field in its own right, the aim of which is to become acquainted with and to reappropriate music from remote eras (Middle Ages, Renaissance, seventeenth, eighteenth – and even nineteenth – centuries), and to share it with enthusiastic audiences. However, despite all the work undertaken by musicologists and music practitioners, much remains to be done, and the work related to the study, understanding and dissemination of early-music terminology is far from achieved. Our research is meant as a further contribution to this end. As a musician specialised in early-music performance (violin), we have observed there was an important need for terminological disambiguation, if only because early-music experts are frequently bound to interact with the public and people who specialise in other areas, which entails a genuine risk of terminology-related misunderstandings. Such need also arises in expert-to-expert communication, as all early music experts do not use the same terminology (depending on their special field, training, and the languages in which they have worked).
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Delphine-Anne Rousseau. Un cas de résurgence terminologique : la terminologie musicale en usage en France et en Angleterre à la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle. Linguistique. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2067⟩. ⟨tel-02475713⟩

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