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Influence of hydrodynamics and correlation of metal contents with settling velocities on contamination distribution in a stormwater detention basin

Abstract : Stormwater detention basins have three main functions: storing rainwater to prevent flooding, promoting settling of particulate pollutants, avoiding resuspension and remobilization of settled pollutants to the downstream. The design and the management of such facilities requires the knowledge of hydrodynamic and sediment characteristics, as well as the ability to predict areas where deposits are highly contaminated.The main objective of this PhD work is to identify the areas where pollutant levels in sediments are high in detention and settling basin. The studied site is the stormwater detention basin (Django Reinhardt basin or DRB), which is an extended and dry basin at the outlet of an industrial watershed. This basin has been the subject of numerous investigations within the framework of the Field Observatory for Urban Water Management (or observatoire de terrain en hydrologie urbaine - OTHU in French).First of all, the measurements of surface velocities by Large-Scale Particle Image Velocimetry (LSPIV) permits to better understand the hydrodynamic behaviour in the basin. These measurements were used to evaluate CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) models. This is the first time this measurement technique has been applied in the case of stormwater management facilities. The results show that CFD models identify the main recirculation zone that promotes settling. These evaluated models were then used to simulate the transport of particulate pollutants, including sedimentation and resuspension. The exploitation of these simulations results enables to (i) identify the preferential areas where resuspended contaminated sediments may be conveyed to the downstream infiltration basin and (ii) predict the accumulation zones of some metals. Results also demonstrate that iron contents in sediments are strongly correlated to settling velocities and can be considered as a good indicator of the level of heavy metals contamination of sediments. The results obtained in this thesis contribute to improve the design of stormwater detention and settling basins and the management of contaminated sediments.
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Xiaoxiao Zhu. Influence of hydrodynamics and correlation of metal contents with settling velocities on contamination distribution in a stormwater detention basin. Environmental Engineering. Université de Lyon, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSEI035⟩. ⟨tel-02475412⟩

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