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Theses

Lecture et lexique : intercompréhension et L2

Abstract : This thesis analyses reading and vocabulary in L1 and L2, the difficulties of comprehension in foreign languages didactic in relation to intercomprehension (I.C.) among languages of the same origin. Studies on second language reading show that skills in first language don’t involve automatically transmission of strategies from first to second language. From the observation of the workshop of I.C. with the textbook EuRom5-Lire et comprendre cinq langues romanes: português, español, català, italiano, français (2011), we asked ourselves : “How can we help learners to overcome the difficulties of comprehension? Which is the function of : interlinguistic transparency, false friends, and inference in second language and in I.C.? Transposition (a sort of translation in the first language of articles) and think aloud (learner say what he thinks aloud) showed us how to solve lexical blocks. In analysing audio and video recordings of the workshop, some questionnaires pre and post reading and some metalinguistic remarks, it comes out that if learners follow the phases of a methodology of reading that gets away from decoding word by word, they exploit strategies of good reader in first language (dodging difficulties, global data acquisition, inference, context) while reading in L2, L3, L4 and L5. To solve lexical difficulties, they use, among others interlinguistic transparency, segmentation of words, lexical combinations, and phonological code. In conclusion we identified the practices of I.C. which can be held to support better readers in second language comprehension.
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Giuliana Trama. Lecture et lexique : intercompréhension et L2. Linguistique. Université de Nanterre - Paris X; Università degli studi Roma Tre, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA100148⟩. ⟨tel-02474291⟩

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