Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Rôle de l'alarmine IL-33 dans un modèle murin d'ischémie-reperfusion hépatique

Abstract : IntroductionIL-33 plays a role as an alarmin in the initiation of the inflammatory response in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, involving invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells.AimsThe aim of this study was to establish whether IL-33 also acts as an alarmin in hepatic I/R and to explore the contribution of IL-33 and iNKT cells in the recruitment of neutrophil granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages after I/R.MethodsA model of warm hepatic ischemia with clamping of 70% of the liver was chosen in wild-type mice, IL-33 knock out (KO) mice and iNKT cell-deficient (Jalpha18 KO) mice with C57BL/6 background. Severity of I/R injury was assessed by serum ALT measurement and histological analysis. IL-33 was measured in blood and in liver by ELISA and western blot while IL-33 neo synthesis was measured by RT-qPCR. The recruitment of immune cells in liver after I/R was analyzed by flow cytometry.ResultsIn wild-type mice, IL-33 was constitutively expressed in liver endothelial cells of the sinusoids and of the portal venules, and was released from the ischemia phase and its immediate course into systemic circulation without neo-synthesis. I/R injury was decreased in IL-33-deficient mice after 4 hours of reperfusion, comparing to wild type mice. Therefore, in the first hours after ischemia, IL-33 acts as an alarmin and is at least partly responsible for I/R injury.I/R injury was also decreased in iNKT cell-deficient mice after 4 hours while in wild-type mice, iNKT cells were found activated in periphery (spleen) and recruited locally. Neutrophil granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages were recruited in the liver after one hour of reperfusion in wild type mice, whereas this recruitment was decreased in IL-33-deficient mice and in iNKT cell-deficient mice, suggesting that both IL-33 and iNKT cells contribute in recruiting immuno-inflammatory cells, and that an IL-33/iNKT cell axis mediates the early stages of inflammation in I/R liver injury.ConclusionIL-33, as an alarmin, early contributes to I/R liver injuries. IL-33 could act by recruiting iNKT cells that would in turn amplify the recruitment of immuno-inflammatory cells together with IL-33. IL-33 hence represents a major therapeutic target to decrease I/R injury in liver transplantation.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [392 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02471751
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 2:59:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 17, 2020 - 1:38:07 PM

File

2019-Barbier-Louise-These.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02471751, version 2

Collections

Citation

Louise Barbier. Rôle de l'alarmine IL-33 dans un modèle murin d'ischémie-reperfusion hépatique. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Poitiers, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019POIT1405⟩. ⟨tel-02471751v2⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

118

Files downloads

38