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Neurologie Fonctionnelle : description et validité d’une approche thérapeutique controversée

Abstract : In France, chiropractors are allowed to provide conservative care, which typically includes spinal manipulation in order to manage neuro-musculoskeletal conditions. However, some chiropractors also propose to manage non-neuro-musculoskeletal conditions. This alternative proposal is justified by using various approaches based on various theories.Functional Neurology (FN) is a contemporary example of one such approach. FN is an attractive method within the chiropractic profession, presented as scientifically based. However, FN is also vividly criticized, stated by some to be pseudoscientific.The aim of this thesis is to better understand what FN is and the scientific evidence available on this approach, especially in a chiropractic context. For this, a scoping review and two critical review of the literature were conducted.According to the scoping review, FN is a conservative approach, using a multitude of therapeutic tools, including spinal manipulation, used to stimulate the nervous system, especially brain areas. Many symptoms and conditions are supposed to benefit from FN, including in the non-neuro-musculoskeletal area. While “functional neurologists” use many terms belonging to neurosciences and several diagnostic procedures and therapeutic tools from conventional medicine, the theoretical concepts and clinical applications of FN do not appear plausible in general.A critical review of articles obtained through a search of a specialized scientific journal that purported to report on the benefit or effect of FN did not bring any robust evidence on this topic. Also, through a systematic critical review of the literature, no scientific evidence was found in relation to any clinical effect of spinal manipulation via an effect on brain function.This work led us to conclude that FN, when used in a chiropractic context, is probably a pseudoscientific approach.
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Anne-Laure Meyer. Neurologie Fonctionnelle : description et validité d’une approche thérapeutique controversée. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS034⟩. ⟨tel-02470058⟩

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