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Theses

Mousses renforcées en polymère ou particules : application à la remédiation des sols pollués

Abstract : Given the possible environmental and health issues occurring when facing a hydrocarbon polluted site, soil remediation is necessary. One of the in-situ technique to remediate a Light Non Aqueous Phase Liquid pollution is the use of foam. Because of its blocking effect, foam is able to create a water blocking barrier, to confine water beneath the floating pollutant. However, the main issue with this technique is the stability of foam facing the oily pollutant. Several options are currently under review to reinforce foam against oil, which includes polymer or particles addition.The present study thus describes the work performed to obtain an oil-resistant foam in porous media, with the use of polymer or solid colloidal particles.In the first part of the study, foamability and stability tests were performed in bulk to select a broad range of products used to formulate such foams. Then, sandpacks experiments were realized in 1D columns in order to optimize the foam injection parameters and finalize the choice of surfactant and additives. Column experiments showed how additives impacted foam strength. Polymer addition led to an increased flow resistance without improving foam strength while particles addition proved to reinforce foam resistance against oil. Those results were then applied to carry out 2D-tank experiments to study foam displacement in a vertical two dimensions’ porous medium. The 2D tank also helped to simulate a foam injection below an oily layer and observe foam behaviour. Finally, the methodology and constrains to take into account to perform a pumping test in a 3D-pilot, were presented in the outlook section.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02469210, version 1

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Natacha Forey. Mousses renforcées en polymère ou particules : application à la remédiation des sols pollués. Mécanique [physics]. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0311⟩. ⟨tel-02469210⟩

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