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Jardiner ensemble dans la ville, une question de préservation : Étude anthropologique de jardins collectifs urbains

Abstract : This anthropological study of four urban community and collective gardens shows us the importance of the preservation matter. All these gardens are grown organically. The interaction between the gardeners and the cultivated plants, above all, the wildest plants and the weeds is special as in all gardening horticultures, and is influenced by this choice of culture way. The gardeners do a lot of exchanges, mainly about knowledges and plants but they are not bind. When giving gifts, the gardeners give a part of them as the plants have been grown by themselves. Their community is thought to have a specific distinct place in the society. Conflicts are not allowed and solved in order to preserve the group stability as there is a kind of idealization of the collectivity due to its specific place inside the city. The garden means to them not only a representation of themselves but also a representation of the collectivity against the city. The garden is also considered as a caring a generous nature towards the human being and on another hand, it is still a landscape to be contemplated. All these elements conduce them to consider the garden as a place which has to be protected, preserved, and the fence surrounding it materialize this willingness of protection. So the garden is a civilized place while the city represents the wildness. The fence between the garden and the outside doesn’t prevent the exchanges of plants, knowledges between human and also non- human. Finally, all these prisms to observe the garden lead us to consider it as a place to be preserved whose imaginary is linked to Eden, a prolific and closed place. Three distinct horticultural logics, aesthetic, productive and organic are directly related to this imaginary.
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Frédérique Albert. Jardiner ensemble dans la ville, une question de préservation : Étude anthropologique de jardins collectifs urbains. Sociologie. Université Côte d'Azur, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019AZUR2021⟩. ⟨tel-02468338⟩

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