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Development and application of simultaneous 2D flow velocity and gas temperature measurements using thermographic phosphors under engine-relevant conditions

Abstract : A non-intrusive laser diagnostics technique has been developed for simultaneous measurements of velocity and gas temperature in optically accessible internal combustion en-gines. The technique, thermographic PIV (T-PIV) combines phosphor thermometry and particle image velocimetry (PIV) and offers the possibility of simultaneous measurement of gas temperature and velocity.Suitable phosphor materials were selected by testing three commercially available phosphors: BAM:Eu2+, ZnO and ZnO:Zn. The lumines-cence emission and the spectral response to var-ious parameters including temperature were measured yielding a temperature-dependent cal-ibration curve to be used for signal interpreta-tion in engine experiments. The ZnO:Zn phos-phor shows the highest sensitivity to tempera-ture allowing higher temperature precision. Therefore, ZnO:Zn phosphor was chosen as the suitable candidate for engine measurements.Measurements were performed in an internal combustion engine at a speed of 1200 rpm with a sampling rate of 10 Hz between 180 and 540°CA under motored conditions. The temper-ature and velocity fields were measured success-fully at various times throughout the compres-sion and the exhaust stroke. The obtained tem-perature fields are compared with simulated bulk-gas temperatures from a 0D model-based simulation showing a temperature deviation of around 1% (200°CA) to 14% (480°CA) from the model. The measurement accuracy was found to be 55 K (18%) at 300 K and 2 K (0.3%) at 614 K for the 200-cycles average.The potential of the diagnostics was tested also in in cylinder post-combustion gases. In this case, the diagnostics was failing probably due to the characteristics of the phosphor used, which does not seem to resist to high combustion tem-peratures degrading its luminescence properties. The potential of T-PIV in post-combustion gases remains under the conditions of finding more resistant phosphor particles.
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Valerio Frattina. Development and application of simultaneous 2D flow velocity and gas temperature measurements using thermographic phosphors under engine-relevant conditions. Chemical and Process Engineering. Université Paris-Saclay; Universität Duisburg-Essen, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLC073⟩. ⟨tel-02466375⟩

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