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Conception et développement d’un simulation game pour les parents d’enfants de moins de 6 ans avec asthme : une approche evidence-based

Abstract : Asthma in preschool children (5 years or younger) is characterized by severe and frequent exacerbations, leading to high rates of emergency department visits and hospital admissions. Teaching parents the early management of asthma exacerbations at home might reduce healthcare use. Serious games, because they allow active and experiential learning, represent an interesting way to train parents on the management of asthma exacerbations. The objective of this PhD thesis was to design and develop a serious game to teach parents of preschool children the management of asthma exacerbations starting at home. We conducted a systematic review of serious games for asthma education which revealed that no serious game had been developed for parents. Yet, we showed using questionnaires that parents were ready to use serious games for their education. Parents’ behavior during asthma exacerbations of their children were observed during a simulation study using a pediatric high-fidelity manikin, and analyzed to establish the educational objectives and the content of the serious game. Another study compared two different strategies (repeating the same scenario three times or using three different scenarios of asthma exacerbations) to teach the management of asthma exacerbations in a short, 30-minutes training. Altogether, these results combined with those of the literature allowed the development of the simulation game “Effic’Asthme” following an evidence-based approach. The usefulness of “Effic’Asthme” will be evaluated through a multicentric randomized controlled study.
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David Drummond. Conception et développement d’un simulation game pour les parents d’enfants de moins de 6 ans avec asthme : une approche evidence-based. Education. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCB006⟩. ⟨tel-02464953⟩



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