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Du nanshin à la doctrine Fukuda : itinéraires de la politique étrangère japonaise (1952-1978)

Abstract : In the aftermath of World War II, after Japan had regained its sovereignty, the government started immediately planning the economic recovery and the creation of new ties in Asia. Thus it launched its "southern expansion", focused on the search of raw materials and markets for Japanese products. However, the penetration in Southeast Asia was not only an economic process, but also a political one. In the search of a new strategic role, the importance of the region became evident for Tokyo when facing the Indochinese problem, especially after the intensification of the Vietnam War. With the aim to provide a significant contribution to the regional reconstruction, even more important in the perspective of a "post-Vietnam", in the late l960s Japan launched a first set of diplomatic and economic initiatives in the whole region. The "turning points" of the Cold War in the 1970s, i.e. the "Nixon shock" and the fall of Saigon, combined to a closer attention to the expectations of Southeast Asian countries, eventually led Tokyo to the systematization of its regional approach and to the definition of the Fukuda Doctrine. In this first attempt to codify its policy towards Southeast Asia, Japan conceived its intra-regional role in opposition to the hegemonic moves of Beijing and Moscow and in connection to the Western military withdraw from the region, with the ambition to reshape its relations with the Great Powers and enhance its political standing in world affairs.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 3, 2020 - 10:51:09 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 13, 2020 - 10:17:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02464368, version 1


Chiara Chiapponi. Du nanshin à la doctrine Fukuda : itinéraires de la politique étrangère japonaise (1952-1978). Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Università degli studi La Sapienza (Rome), 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010625⟩. ⟨tel-02464368⟩



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