, Courte description des Programmes d'action pour l'environnement (PAE), p.19

). .. , Les différentes catégories de données contenues dans la fiche d'exploitation du RICA, p.82, 2000.

, Nombre de fermes-types et surface agricole utilisée (en milliers d'hectares) par pays associé à la version V5 d'AROPAj, vol.87, 2007.

. .. , Les différents blocs du modèle AROPAj (les lettres capitales font référence au document sur le modèle accessible en ligne https ://www6.versaillesgrignon.inra.fr/economie publique/Publications), vol.87

, Résumé des sources des émissions de GES prises en compte dans ARO-PAj

, Source : Calculs personnels basés sur les données DairyCo

, Source : Calculs personnels basés sur les données DairyCo et British Survey of Fertiliser Practice, Prix des engrais par cultures inclus dans AROPAj, 2009.

. .. , Estimation results for EU-aggregated relative abatement supply curve for each calibration year and the 2007-2012 average, p.139

, EU aggregate values (initial emission level, emissions, abatement level and rate), for each of the six years (2007-2012) and for different emission tax levels 0, 50, 100 and 200 A C

, 2 Quantities of calories (Mt soft wheat eq), as well as other calorie indicators over the six FADN years, 2007.

. .. Estimated-parameter-values,

. .. , Global Warming Potential values reported to CO 2 , for 20 and 100-year time horizon, Source : IPCC, p.177, 2007.

, Priorités et mesures d'action pour la réalisation des objectifs à long terme du développement durable

). .. , Les principaux objectifs de la Directive-cadre sur l'eau, p.27, 2000.

. .. Bref-historique-de-la-politique-agricole-commune, , p.31

P. Réforme, Source : European Commission -DG Agriculture and Rural Development, Défis et objectifs de réforme, p.34, 2014.

, Source : European Commission (2017a), Composantes des paiements directs de la PAC

, La répartition annuelle des paiements directs pour chaque État membre (en milliards A C, prix courants), avant et après le transfert entre les deux piliers

, Source : https ://agriculture, Les dépenses agricoles de l'UE pour la période 2007-2013

, Source : Fiches techniques sur l'Union Européenne -2018 "Le financement de la PAC" www, Budget de la PAC pour le cadre financier pluriannuel 2014-2020

, Les États membres dont le PIB est supérieur à la moyenne européenne sont représentés par les barres bleues et les États membres dont le PIB est inférieur sont représentés par les barres jaunes, Le poids (%) de l'agriculture dans les émissions couvertes par la Décision de partage des efforts dans l'UE en, p.51, 2015.

, La quantité d'émissions (en MtCO 2 eq et en pourcentage %) par source en 2016, excluant LULUCF, dans l'UE28 et l'Islande. Source : Calculs personnels, données provenant de, European Environment Agency, p.59, 2018.

, Aperçu des émissions de GES provenant de l'agriculture, dans l'UE28 et l'Islande (en MtCO 2 eq) pour la période 1990-2016. Source : Calculs personnels, données provenant de, European Environment Agency, p.60, 2018.

, Quantité des émissions de GES provenant de l'agriculture (en MtCO 2 eq), pour chaque État Membre de l'UE28, en 1990 et 2016. Source : Calculs personnels, données provenant de UNFCCC -GHG Data Interface, p.61

, Source : Calculs personnels, données provenant des inventaires nationaux soumis en 2018 à UNFCCC par chaque État membre, Les principales sources et les parts des émissions de GES dans le secteur agricole de l'UE-28 en, 2016.

, Les impacts projetés du changement climatique dans différentes parties de l'Europe

. .. , La nouvelle architecture des instruments de la PAC liés à l'environnement. Source : European Commission -DG AGRI, p.69

, Caractéristiques auxquelles doivent répondre les pratiques obligatoires de la composante écologique introduite dans le premier pilon de la PAC, p.71

, Source : FADN, European Commission, Codes des régions RICA pour UE-27

, Les valeurs des paramètres liés aux prix des engrais et à la teneur en azote pour chaque culture AROPAj. Source : Calculs personnels basés sur les données DairyCo et British Survey of Fertiliser Practice, p.118, 2009.

. .. Eurostat, Quarterly real price index from 2007 to 2012 (2010=100) for some agricultural inputs and outputs in France, p.124

, Annual change in simulated total EU emissions relative to 2007-2012 average levels

, Computed vs. reported average annual GHG emissions by member state over, 2007.

. .. , Average annual base emissions (2007-12) by region (MtCO 2 eq), p.132

, Deviations of regional base emissions relative to 2007-2012 average regional base emissions (%)

, EU MAC curve for each calibration year (dots) and 2007-2012 average (black squares)

, Cost-effective distribution of the 2007-2012 average regional abatement rate (in %) for three emission prices (p = 38, 112.5, and 205 A C/tCO 2 ) leading to an EU-wide 2007-2012 average abatement rate of 10, 20, and 30%, respectively

, Deviation of the regional abatement rate (in %) for three emission prices (p = 38, 112.5, and 205 A C/tCO 2 ) with respect to the respective regional 2007-2012 average abatement rate

, Reduced functional form : parameter estimates for each region and each calibration year

, Results obtained from the 6 FADN years-based version of the AROPAj model, 2007.

. .. , Marketed feed vs Marketed cereals vs On-farm use of cereals (expressed in Mt), for a 0-carbon price situation and for a 200 A C emission tax, -2012 FADN years based on the V5 version of AROPAj), vol.157, p.158, 2007.

A. C. , Proportion of total straw cereals area in the EU (2007-2012) for two carbon taxes

A. C. , Proportion of permanent meadows area in the EU (2007-2012) for two carbon taxes

, Dual value corresponding to the net quantity of food

, Proportion of total straw cereals area in the EU (2007-2012) for no threshold and after the introduction of a threshold of 435 Mtsweq, p.163

, Proportion of permanent meadows area in the EU (2007-2012) for no threshold and after the introduction of a threshold of 435 Mtsweq, p.163

, 2 gases (expressed in kA C/tCO 2 eq, converted by using a GWP at 100 years). The red curve in each graph represents a reference curve, which means an equality of prices for the two gases, corresponding to the marginal abatement cost curves for each of the two gases. The green curve corresponds to the situation when the methane price is double the N 2 O price. The blue curves are associated with the different reduction targets fixed for the two gases. Results obtained from the 2009 FADN year-based version of the AROPAj model

, Pays et régions couverts par le modèle AGLINK-COSIMO, 2015.

H. Aaheim, Many Gases and Many Measures : Choice of Targets and Selection of Measures in Climate Policy, CICERO Report, vol.2, 1997.

H. Aaheim, Climate Policy with Multiple Sources and Sinks of Greenhouse Gases, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol.14, pp.413-429, 1999.

R. Ackrill, CAP reform 1999 : a crisis in the making, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol.38, issue.2, pp.343-353, 2000.

R. Ackrill, The European Union Budget, the Balanced Budget Rule and the Development of Common European Policies, Journal of Public Policy, vol.20, issue.1, pp.1-19, 2000.

R. Ackrill, A. Kay, and W. Morgan, The common agricultural policy and its reform : The problem of reconciling budget and trade concerns, Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, pp.393-411, 2008.

. Adelphi, Fact sheet for : Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, 2018.

. Agmemod-partnership, Impact Analysis of CAP Reform on the Main Agricultural Commodities, 2008.

J. Aldy and R. Stavins, The promise and problems of pricing carbon : theory and experience, The Journal of Environment and Development, 2012.

G. Alons, Environmental policy integration in the EU's common agricultural 200 policy : greening or greenwashing, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.24, issue.11, pp.1604-1622, 2017.

S. Ambec and J. Coria, Prices vs quantities with multiple pollutants, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol.66, pp.123-140, 2013.

G. Anania and D. M. Pupo, The 2013 Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, The Political Economy of the 2013 CAP Reform, pp.33-86, 2015.

T. Ancev, Policy considerations for mandating agriculture in a greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme, Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, vol.33, issue.1, pp.99-115, 2011.

C. Aydinalp and M. Cresser, The Effects of Global Climate Change on Agriculture, American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci, vol.3, issue.5, pp.672-676, 2008.

O. Balkhausen, M. Banse, and H. Grethe, Modelling CAP Decoupling in the EU : A Comparison of Selected Simulation Models and Results, Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2007.

A. Barnes, L. Sutherland, L. Toma, K. Matthews, and S. Thomson, The effect of the Common Agricultural Policy reforms on intentions towards food production : Evidence from livestock farmers, Land Use Policy, vol.50, pp.548-558, 2016.

I. J. Bateman, R. Brouwer, H. Davies, B. H. Day, A. Deflandre et al., Analysing the Agricultural Costs and Non-market Benefits of Implementing the Water Framework Directive, Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.57, issue.2, pp.221-237, 2006.

D. Battisti and R. Naylor, Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat, Science, vol.323, pp.240-244, 2009.

D. Baulcombe, I. Crute, J. Dunwell, M. Gale, J. Jones et al., Reaping the benefits : Science and the sustainable intensification of global agriculture, 2009.

K. Bäckstrand and O. Elgström, The EU's role in climate change negotiations : from leader to 'leadiator', Journal of European Public Policy, vol.20, issue.10, pp.1369-1386, 2013.

J. Beddington, M. Asaduzzaman, M. Clark, A. Fernández, M. Guillou et al., , 2012.

, Achieving food security in the face of climate change : Final report from the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Copenhagen

S. Bell, D. Mcgillivray, and O. Pedersen, Environmental Law. 8th edn, 2013.

D. Benson and A. Jordan, Environmental Policy. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, vol.7, pp.778-783, 2015.

A. Bernard, M. Vielle, and L. Viguier, Burden Sharing Within a Multi-Gas Strategy, Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Climate Policy, pp.289-304, 2006.

M. Berners-lee, C. Kennelly, R. Watson, and C. N. Hewitt, Current global food production is sufficient to meet human nutritional needs in 2050 provided there is radical societal adaptation, Elem Sci Anth, issue.52, p.6, 2018.

L. Bodiguel, Lutter contre le changement climatique : le nouveau leitmotiv de la politique agricole commune, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01368798

C. Bowyer and B. Kretschmer, Anticipated Indirect Land Use Change Associated with Expanded Use of Biofuels and Bioliquids in the EU -An Analysis of the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (updated version), 2011.

W. Britz, P. Verburg, and A. Leip, Modelling of land cover and agricultural change in Europe : combining the CLUE and CAPRI-Spat approaches, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ, vol.142, pp.40-50, 2011.

W. Britz and H. Witzke, CAPRI Model Documentation 2008 : Version 2 p, 2008.

W. Britz and H. Witzke, CAPRI model documentation, 2014.

H. Buller, Integrating European Union environmental and agricultural policy, chapter Part III, pp.103-126, 2002.

J. Bureau, S. Tangermann, A. Matthews, D. Viaggi, C. Crombez et al., The Common Agricultural Policy after 2013. Intereconomics, vol.47, pp.316-342, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01590238

J. Burney, S. Davis, and D. Lobell, Greenhouse gas mitigation by agricultural intensification, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2010.

A. Burrell, The CAP : Looking Back, Looking Ahead, Journal of European Integration, vol.31, issue.3, pp.271-289, 2009.

R. Chakir, S. De-cara, and B. Vermont, Price-induced changes in greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, forestry, and other land use : A spatial panel econometric analysis, Revue Economique, vol.68, issue.3, pp.471-490, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01526260

F. Chantreuil, K. F. Hanrahan, and M. Van-leeuwen, The Future of EU Agricultural Markets by AGMEMOD, 2012.

F. Chantreuil, F. Levert, and K. Hanrahan, The Luxembourg Agreement Reform of the CAP : an Analysis Using the AG-MEMOD Composite Model, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01594021

P. Ciaian, A. Kancs, and J. Swinnen, Static and Dynamic Distributional Effects of Decoupled Payments : Single Farm Payments in the European Union, LICOS Discussion Paper Series, vol.207, 2008.

, Inventaire des émissions de gaz à effet de serre en France au titre de la Convention Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques. Format UNFCCC-CRF, CITEPA, 2018.

W. Coleman, S. Grace, and A. Michael, Paradigm Shifts and Policy Networks : Cumulative Change in Agriculture, Journal of Public Policy, vol.16, issue.3, pp.273-301, 1996.

, Livre blanc sur la securite alimentaire, Commission des Communautés Européennes, vol.719, 1999.

, Utiliser les réserves alimentaires pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle dans les pays en développement, Commission Européenne, 2018.

, Green paper on integrated product policy, Commission of the European Communities, vol.68, 2001.

J. Connelly, G. Smith, D. Benson, and C. Saunders, Politics and the Environment, 2012.

R. Cortignani and G. Dono, Simulation of the impact of greening measures in an agricultural area of the southern Italy, Land Use Policy, vol.48, pp.525-533, 2015.

R. Cortignani, S. Severini, and G. Dono, Complying with greening practices in the new CAP direct payments : an application on Italian specialized arable farms, Land Use Policy, vol.61, pp.265-275, 2017.

, Convention sur la responsabilité civile des dommages résultant d'activités dangereuses pour l'environnement, 1993.

A. Cunha and A. Swinbank, An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process : Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms, 2011.

R. Darwin, United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Information Bulletin Number, pp.765-773, 2001.

C. Daugbjerg, Sequencing in public policy : the evolution of the CAP over a decade, Journal of European Public Policy, vol.16, issue.3, pp.395-411, 2009.

C. Daugbjerg and A. Swinbank, Ideational Change in the WTO and its Impacts on EU Agricultural Policy Institutions and the CAP, Journal of European Integration, vol.31, issue.3, pp.311-327, 2009.

S. Déclaration-de, Déclaration de Stockholm, Conférence des Nations Unies sur l'environnement, 1972.

,. S. De-cara, L. Henry, and P. Jayet, Optimal coverage of an emission tax in the presence of monitoring, reporting, and verification costs, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol.89, pp.71-93, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01736376

S. De-cara, E. Galko, and P. Jayet, The Global Warming Potential paradox : Implications for the design of climate policy, MIT-CESifo Seminar Series, pp.359-385, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01172927

S. De-cara, M. Houzé, and P. Jayet, Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture in the EU : A spatial assessment of sources and abatement costs. Environmental and Resource Economics, vol.32, pp.551-583, 2005.

S. De-cara and P. Jayet, Marginal abatement costs of greenhouse gas emissions from European agriculture, cost effectiveness, and the EU non-ETS burden sharing agreement, Ecological Economics, vol.70, pp.1680-1690, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00999823

K. Deering, Stepping up to the challenge. CARE, 2014.

B. Dessus, B. Laponche, and H. L. Treut, Effet de serre, n'oublions pas le methane, La Recherche, p.417, 2008.

B. Dessus, B. Laponche, H. L. Treut, and P. S. Laplace, Le methane, un gaz qui pese lourd sur le climat, La Recherche, p.529, 2017.

S. Devereux and J. Edwards, Climate change and food security, IDS Bulletin, 2004.

I. Domínguez and T. Fellmann, The need for comprehensive climate change mitigation policies in european agriculture, EuroChoices, 2015.

A. Ellerman, C. Marcantonini, and A. Zaklan, The European Union Emissions Trading System : Ten Years and Counting, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol.10, pp.89-107, 2016.

V. Eory, S. Pellerin, G. Carmona-garcia, H. Lehtonen, I. Licite et al., Mar-205 ginal abatement cost curves for agricultural climate policy : State-of-the art, lessons learnt and future potential, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol.182, pp.705-716, 2018.

V. Eory, C. F. Topp, A. Butler, and D. Moran, Addressing uncertainty in efficient mitigation of agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.69, issue.3, pp.627-645, 2018.

. Epa, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Atmospheric Programs (6207J), pp.2010-2030, 2013.

E. Erjavec, F. Chantreuil, K. Hanrahan, T. Donnellan, G. Salputra et al., Policy assessment of an EU wide flat area CAP payments system, Economic Modelling, vol.28, issue.4, pp.1550-1558, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01462582

K. Erjavec and E. Erjavec, Greening the CAP -Just a fashionable justification ? A discourse analysis of the 2014-2020 CAP reform documents, Food Policy, vol.51, pp.53-62, 2015.

, Programme thématique pour la sécurité alimentaire document de stratégie thématique et programme indicatif pluriannuel, European Commission, 1924.

, Fact Sheet Climate Change : The challenges for agriculture, European Commission Agriculture and Rural Development, 2008.

, Report on Policy Coherence for Development, European Commission, 2009.

, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, The CAP towards 2020 : Meeting the Food, Natural Resources and Territorial Challenges of the Future, p.672, 2010.

, The EU Nitrates Directive, European Commission, 2010.

, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Com-206 mittee of the Regions : A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050, COM(2011) 112 final, European Commission, 2011.

, Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy, European Commission, 2011.

, Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe. Technical report, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, European Commission, vol.571, issue.9, 2011.

, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, European Commission, p.94, 2012.

, COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS An EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, European Commission, 2013.

, GREEN PAPER A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies, European Commission, vol.169, 2013.

, Multiannual financial framework 2014-2020 and the CAP reform, European Commission, 2013.

, Overview of CAP Reform, Agricultural Policy Perspectives Brief, issue.5, 2013.

, Combaterea schimb?rilor climatice, European Commission, 2014.

, EU cereal farms report 2013 based on FADN data, European Commission, 2014.

, General Union environment action programme to 2020 Living well, within the limits of our planet, Directorate-General for Environment, 2014.

, EU agriculture spending focused on results, European Commission, 2015.

, COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Review of greening after one year, European Commission, vol.218, 2016.

, The Road from Paris, European Commission, vol.110, 2016.

, CAP explained : Direct Payments for farmers, European Commission, 2015.

, COM(2017) 713 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EURO-PEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS The Future of Food and Farming, European Commission, 2017.

, A clean planet for all. A european long-term strategic vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral economy, European Commission, p.773, 2018.

, FARM ECONOMY FOCUS -Information based on 2016 FADN data -PRELIMINARY results, European Commission, 2018.

, Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the Common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, European Commission, vol.392, p.216, 2018.

, Analysis of methodologies for calculating greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions and nutrient balances, 2011.

, Integration of EU water policy objectives with the CAP : a partial success, European Court of Auditors, 2014.

, The European Environment State and Outlook 2010 : Assessment of global megatrends, European Environment Agency, 2010.

, Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012. An indicator-based report, European Environment Agency, 2012.

, Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2016 and inventory report 2018. Submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat, European Environment Agency, 2018.

E. Parliament, Research for Agri Committee -The consequences of climate change for EU agriculture. Follow-up to the COP21 -UN Paris Climate Change Conference, 2017.

E. Parliament, Fiches techniques sur l'Union européenne -2018 "Le financement de la PAC, 2018.

E. Parliament, Fiches techniques sur l'Union européenne -2018 "Les instruments de la PAC et leurs réformes, 2018.

E. Parliament, Fiches techniques sur l'Union européenne -2019 "Énergies renouvelables, 2019.

E. Parliament, Fiches techniques sur l'Union européenne -2019 Premier pilier de la Politique Agricole Commune (PAC) : II -Paiements directs aux agriculteurs, 2019.

E. Parliament, Fiches techniques sur l'Union européenne, 2019.

L. Pilier-de and . Pac, La politique de developpement rural

E. Parliament, Fiches techniques sur l'Union européenne -Le Fonds de cohésion, 2019.

R. Ewers, J. Scharlemann, A. Balmford, and R. Green, Do increases in agricultural yield spare land for nature ?, Global Change Biology, vol.15, pp.1716-1726, 2009.

. Fao, Les bilans alimentaires. Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, 2003.

. Fao, Trade reforms and food security : conceptualizing the linkages, 2003.

. Fao, Food Security and Agricultural Mitigation in Developing Countries : Options for Capturing Synergies, 2009.

. Fao, Facing the challenges of climate change and food security, 2013.

F. Fernandez, M. Blanco, A. Ceglar, R. Barek, P. Ciaian et al., Still a challenge -interaction of biophysical and economic models for crop production and market analysis, 2013.

C. Fezzi, M. Hutchins, D. Rigby, I. J. Bateman, P. Posen et al., Integrated assessment of water framework directive nitrate reduction measures, Agricultural Economics, vol.41, pp.123-134, 2010.

. Foley, Solutions for a cultivated planet, Nature, vol.478, pp.337-342, 2011.

, The Future of Food and Farming : Challenges and choices for global sustainability, Foresight, 2011.

G. E. Frances, P. Quevauviller, E. S. Gonzales, and E. V. Amelin, Climate 210 change policy and water resources in the EU and Spain. A closer look into the Water Framework Directive, Environmental Science & Policy, vol.69, pp.1-12, 2017.

S. Frank, R. Beach, P. Havlík, H. Valin, M. Herrero et al., Structural change as a key component for agricultural non-CO2 mitigation efforts, Nature communications, issue.1, p.9, 2018.

S. Frank, P. Havlik, E. Stehfest, H. Van-meijl, P. Witzke et al., , 2018.

S. Frank, P. Havl?k, J. Soussana, A. Levesque, H. Valin et al., Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture without compromising food security ?, Environ. Res. Lett, vol.12, p.105004, 2017.

E. Galko and P. Jayet, Economic and Environmental Effects of Decoupled Agricultural Support in the EU, Agricultural Economics, vol.42, pp.605-618, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01000540

C. Garnache, P. R. Mérel, J. Lee, and J. Six, The social costs of second-best policies : Evidence from agricultural GHG mitigation, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol.82, pp.39-73, 2017.

T. Garnett, Where are the best opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the food system (including the food chain) ? Food Policy, p.36, 2011.

I. Garzon, Reforming the common agricultural policy : history of a paradigm change, 2006.

A. Gocht, P. Ciaian, M. Bielza, J. M. Terres, N. Roder et al., EU-wide economic and environmental impacts of CAP greening with high spatial and farm-type detail, Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.68, issue.3, pp.651-681, 2017.

H. C. Godfray, The challenge of feeding 9-10 billion people equitably and sustainably, The Journal of Agricultural Science, vol.152, pp.2-8, 2014.

J. Gornall, R. Betts, E. Burke, R. Clark, J. Camp et al., Implications of climate change for agricultural productivity in the early twenty-first century, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 2010.

A. Gouldson, E. Lopez-gunn, J. V. Alstine, Y. Rees, M. Davies et al., New alternative and complementary environmental policy instruments and the implementation of the Water Framework Directive, European Environment, vol.18, issue.6, pp.359-370, 2008.

W. Grant, The Common Agricultural Policy, 1997.

W. Grant, Policy Instruments in the Common Agricultural Policy, West European Politics, vol.33, issue.1, pp.22-38, 2010.

A. Greer, The Common Agricultural Policy and the EU budget : stasis or change ?, European Journal of Government and Economics, vol.2, issue.2, 2013.

P. Gregory, J. Ingram, and M. Brklacich, Climate change and food security, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2005.

H. Grinsven, A. Tiktak, and C. Rougoor, Evaluation of the Dutch implementation of the nitrates directive, the water framework directive and the national emission ceilings directive, NJAS -Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, vol.78, pp.69-84, 2016.

G. Grosjean, S. Fuss, N. Koch, B. L. Bodirsky, S. D. Cara et al., Options to overcome the barriers to pricing European agricultural emissions, Climate Policy, vol.18, issue.2, pp.151-169, 2018.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01595040

G. Grosjean, S. Fuss, N. Koch, B. L. Bodirsky, S. De-cara et al., Options to overcome the barriers to pricing European agricultural emissions, Climate Policy, vol.18, issue.2, pp.151-169, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01595040

J. Gupta and M. Grubb, Climate Change and European Leadership : A Sustainable Role forEurope, 2000.

K. Hart, B. Allen, M. Lindner, C. Keenleyside, P. Burgess et al., Land as an environmental resource, 2013.

P. Havlik, H. Valin, M. Herrero, M. Obersteiner, E. Schmid et al., Climate change mitigation through livestock system transitions, vol.111, pp.3709-3714, 2014.

P. Havlík, H. Valin, A. Mosnier, M. Obersteiner, J. Baker et al., Crop productivity and the global livestock sector : implications for land use change and greenhouse gas emissions, Am. J. Agric. Econ, 2012.

R. Henke, T. Benos, F. Filippis, M. Giua, F. Pierangeli et al., The new Common Agricultural Policy How do Member States respond to flexibility, Journal of Common Market Studies, 2018.

S. Henry, Mitigation gambles : uncertainty, urgency and the last gamble possible, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, vol.376, 2018.

C. Hey, EU Environmental Policies : A short history of the policy strategies. Stefan Scheuer EU Environmental Policy Handbook A Critical Analysis of EU Environmental Legislation Making it accessible to environmentalists and decision makers, EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL BUREAU, 2005.

P. Hjerp, A. Volkery, H. Lückge, J. Medhurst, K. Hart et al., Methodologies for climate proofing investments and measures under Cohesion and regional policy and the Common Agricultural Policy, 2012.

. Hlpe, Food security and climate change. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition, 2012.

. House and . Commons, House of Commons Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee, 2011.

C. Huyghe, A. De-vliegher, B. Van-gils, and A. Peeters, Grasslands and herbivore production in Europe and effects of common policies, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01189917

R. C. Hyman, J. M. Reilly, M. H. Babiker, A. D. Masin, and H. D. Jacoby, Modeling non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Abatement, Environmental Modeling & Assessment, vol.8, 2003.

. Inra, Alimentation des bovins, ovins, caprins, 2010.

. Ipcc, Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, 2001.

. Ipcc, 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, vol.4, 2006.

. Ipcc, The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007.

. Ipcc, The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change, 2013.

. Ipcc, Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Synthesis Report, 2014.

. Ipes-food, Towards a common food policy for the EU : IPES-FOOD launches three year reflection, Panel international d'experts sur les systèmes alimentaires durables (IPES-FOOD), 2016.

H. Jensen, I. P. Domínguez, T. Fellmann, P. Lirette, J. Hristov et al., Economic impacts of a low carbon economy on global agriculture : The bumpy road to Paris, Sustainability, vol.11, issue.8, p.2349, 2019.

H. Jensen, T. Fellmann, I. P. Domínguez, P. Charlebois, and G. Philippidis, Economic Impacts on Agriculture of a Low Carbon Economy by 2030 : An Analysis with the Aglink-Cosimo model. Paper prepared for presentation at the 21st Annual Confe-theory and practice, Environmental Science & Policy, vol.14, pp.1195-1204, 2018.

A. Kossoy, G. Peszko, K. Oppermann, N. Prytz, A. Gilbert et al., Carbon pricing watch 2015 : an advance brief from the state and trends of carbon pricing 2015 report, to be released late 2015. State and Trends of Carbon Pricing, 2015.

E. Kriegler, G. Luderer, N. Bauer, L. Baumstark, S. Fujimori et al., Pathways limiting warming to 1.5°C : a tale of turning around in no time ?, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, vol.376, 2018.

O. Kuik, L. Brander, and R. Tol, Marginal abatement costs of greenhouse gas emissions : A meta-analysis, Energy Policy, vol.37, pp.1395-1403, 2009.

, Rapport Brundtland-Our Common Future, 1987.

L. Lascoumes and P. Le-gales, Conclusion : De L'Innovation Instrumentale a la Recomposition de l'Etat, Gouverner par les instruments, 2004.

D. Leclère, P. Jayet, and N. De-noblet-ducoudré, Farm-level Autonomous Adaptation of European Agricultural Supply to Climate Change, Ecological Economics, vol.87, pp.1-15, 2013.

A. Leip, Quantitative quality assessment of the greenhouse gas inventory for agriculture in Europe, Climatic Change, vol.103, pp.245-261, 2010.

A. Leip, F. Weiss, T. Wassenaar, I. Perez, T. Fellmann et al., Evaluation of the livestock sector's contribution to the EU greenhouse gas emissions (GGELS), 2010.

D. Liefferink, M. Wiering, and Y. Uitenboogaart, The EU Water Framework Directive : A multi-dimensional analysis of implementation and domestic impact, Land use policy, vol.28, pp.712-722, 2011.

K. Louhichi, P. Ciaian, M. Espinosa, A. Perni, and S. G. Paloma, Economic 216 impacts of CAP greening : application of an EU-wide individual farm model for CAP analysis (IFM-CAP), European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol.45, pp.205-238, 2017.

P. Lowe and D. Baldock, Integration of environmental objectives into agricultural policy making, pp.31-52, 2000.

E. Ludi, Climate change, water and food security. Overseas Development Institute, 2009.

A. Manne and R. Richels, A Multi-Gas Approach to Climate Policy -with and without GWPs, 2000.

I. Manners, Normative power Europe : a contradiction in terms, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol.40, issue.2, pp.235-258, 2002.

G. Maracchi, O. Sirotenko, and M. Bindi, Impact of present and future climate variability on agriculture and forestry in the temperate regions, Increasing Climate Variability and Change, pp.117-135, 2005.

G. Martin, C. , P. Gosalbez, G. Vallejo, A. Esteller et al., Multi-stage linear programming model for optimizing cropping plan decisions under the new Common Agricultural Policy, Land Use Policy, vol.48, pp.515-524, 2015.

B. A. Mccarl and U. A. Schneider, Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in U.S. Agriculture and Forestry, Science, vol.294, pp.2481-2482, 2001.

H. Meijl, T. Jansson, M. Banse, and G. Woltjer, The Impact of Modulation : Modelling the First and Second Pillar CAP Policies, 2019.

V. Meijl, P. Havlik, H. Lotze-campen, E. Stehfest, P. Witzke et al., Comparing impacts of climate change and mitigation on global agriculture by 2050, Environ. Res. Lett, issue.064021, p.13, 2018.

G. Meunier, Prices versus quantities in the presence of a second, unpriced, externality, Journal of Public Economic Theory, pp.1-22, 2017.

P. Michaelis, Sustainable greenhouse policies : the role of non-CO2 gases. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, vol.10, pp.239-260, 1999.

D. Mitchell, M. Allen, J. Hall, B. Muller, L. Rajamani et al., The myriad challenges of the Paris Agreement, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, vol.376, 2018.

G. J. Monteny, The EU Nitrates Directive : A European Approach to Combat Water Pollution from Agriculture, The Scientific World, pp.927-935, 2001.

D. Moran, M. Macleod, E. Wall, V. Eory, A. Mcvittie et al., Marginal abatement cost curves for UK agricultural greenhouse gas emissions, Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.62, pp.93-118, 2010.

C. Nazzaro and G. Marotta, The Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020 : scenarios for the European agricultural and rural systems, Agricultural and Food Economics, vol.4, issue.1, p.16, 2016.

S. Neuenfeldt and A. Gocht, A Handbook on the use of FADN Database in Programming Models, 2014.

S. Oberthür and C. Roche-kelly, EU leadership in International Climate Policy : Achieve-ments and Challenges, International Spectator, vol.43, issue.3, pp.35-50, 2008.

. Ocde, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2004.

. Ocde, Aglink-Cosimo Model Documentation. A partial equilibrium model of world agricultural markets, 2015.

. Ocde, A review of the literature on the cost-effectiveness of greenhouse gas mitigation measure for agriculture, OCDE -Joint Working Party on Agriculture and the Environment, 2015.

. Oecd, Documentation of the AGLINK-COSIMO Model, Working Party on Agricultural Policies and Markets, AGR/CA/APM(2006)16/FINAL. Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Committee for Agriculture, 2007.

. Oecd, Linkages between Agricultural Policies and Environmental Effects : Using the OECD Stylised Agri-environmental Policy Impact Model, 2010.

. Oecd, Agriculture and Climate Change, 2015.

. Oecd, Recommandation du Conseil sur les principes directeurs relatifs aux aspects économiques des politiques de l'environnement sur le plan international, 2018.

. Oecd-&-wbg, The FASTER Principles for Successful Carbon Pricing : An approach based on initial experience, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2015.

, COUNCIL DIRECTIVE of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources (91 / 676 /EEC), Official Journal of the European Communities, 1991.

, amending Regulation (EEC) No 2237/77 on the form of farm return to be used for the purpose of determining incomes of agricultural holdings, Official Journal of the European Communities, 2000.

, DIRECTIVE 2000/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, 2000.

, DECISION No 466/2002/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 1 March 2002 laying down a Community action programme promoting non-governmental organisations primarily active in the field of environmental protection, Official Journal of the European Communities, 2002.

, REGULATION No 79/65/EEC OF THE COUNCIL of 15 June 1965 setting up a network for the collection of accountancy data on the incomes and business operation of agricultural holdings in the European Economic Community, Official Journal of the European Union, 1965.

, setting up a network for the collection of accountancy data on the incomes and business operation of agricultural holdings in the European Community, Official Journal of the European Union, 1217.

, DECISION No 406/2009/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020, DE-CISIONS ADOPTED JOINTLY BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL, 2009.

/. Of and . Council, on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC, Official Journal of the European Union, vol.23, 2009.

, EU agriculture and climate change European Parliament resolution of 5 May 2010 on EU agriculture and climate change, Official Journal of the European Union, 2009.

, Consolidated version of the Threaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Official Journal of the European Union, 2012.

/. Eu, . The, . Of, and . Council-of, on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 'Living well, within the limits of our planet, Official Journal of the European Union, 1386.

, REGULATION (EU) No 1307/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 december 2013 establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Council Regulation, Official Journal of the European Union, issue.73, 2009.

, REGULATION (EU) No 1318/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 22 October 2013 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1217/2009 setting up a network for the collection of accountancy data on the incomes and business operation of agricultural holdings in the European Community, Official Journal of the European Union, 2013.

, COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING RE-GULATION (EU) 2015/141 of 29 January 2015 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 367/2014 setting the net balance available for EAGF expenditure, Official Journal of the European Union, 2015.

, REGULATION (EU) 2018/841 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework, and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 and Decision No 529, Official Journal of the European Union, 2013.

J. Olesen and M. Bindi, Consequences of climate change for European agricultural productivity, land use and policy, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.16, pp.239-262, 2002.

F. O'mara, The role of grasslands in food security and climate change, Annals of Botany, vol.110, pp.1263-1270, 2012.

C. F. Parker, C. Karlsson, and M. Hjerpe, Assessing the European Union's global climate change leadership : from Copenhagen to the Paris Agreement, Journal of European Integration, vol.39, issue.2, pp.239-252, 2017.

S. Pellerin, L. Bamière, D. Angers, F. Béline, M. Benoit et al., Identifying cost-competitive greenhouse gas mitigation potential of french agriculture, Environmental Science & Policy, vol.77, pp.130-139, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01582291

I. Perez-dominguez, T. Fellmann, F. Weiss, H. P. Witzke, H. J. Arreiro et al., An economic assessment of GHG mitigation policy options for EU agriculture, Joint Research Center, 2016.

M. Prieur, Droit de l'Environnement. Edition Dalloz, 1991.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02369237

S. Ragnauth, J. Creason, J. Alsalam, S. Ohrel, J. Petrusa et al., Global mitigation of non-CO2 greenhouse gases : marginal abatement costs curves and abatement potential through 2030, Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, vol.12, pp.155-168, 2015.

A. Reisinger, P. Havlik, K. Riahi, O. Vliet, M. Obersteiner et al., Implications of alternative metrics for global mitigation costs and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, Climatic Change, vol.117, issue.4, pp.677-690, 2013.

, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and International Development Association / The World Bank, 2017.

. Règlement, RÈGLEMENT (CE) N0 1292/96 DU CONSEIL du 27 juin 1996 concernant la politique et la gestion de l'aide alimentaire et des actions spécifiques d'appui à la sécurité alimentaire, Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, issue.166, 1996.

G. L. Rivera, P. Malliet, A. Saussay, and F. Reynes, Construire une politique énergétique et climatique européenne cohérente et climatique europÉenne cohÉrente, 2018.

L. Rouquette, Politique agricole commune et securite alimentaire. Technical report, Pour la solidarite. European think & do tank, 2018.

E. Röös, B. Baj?elj, P. Smith, M. Patel, D. Little et al., Greedy or needy ? Land use and climate impacts of food in 2050 under different livestock futures, Global Environmental Change, p.47, 2017.

S. Scheipers and D. Sicurelli, Normative power Europe, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol.45, issue.2, pp.435-457, 2007.

L. A. Schroeder, A. Gocht, and W. Britz, The Impact of Pillar II Funding : Validation from a Modelling and Evaluation Perspective, Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2014.

S. Shackley and B. Wynne, Global Warming Potentials : ambiguity or precision as an aid to policy ? Climate Research, vol.8, pp.89-106, 1997.

S. Shrestha, P. Ciaian, M. Himics, and B. V. Doorslaer, Impacts of climate change on EU agriculture, Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, issue.2, pp.24-39, 2013.

G. Skogstad, Ideas, Paradigms and Institutions : Agricultural Exceptionalism in the European Union and the United States, Governance, vol.11, issue.4, pp.463-490, 1998.

P. Smith, M. Bustamante, H. Ahammad, H. Clark, H. Dong et al., Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU), vol.3, pp.497-540, 2014.

P. Smith, H. Haberl, A. Popp, K. Erb, C. Lauk et al., How much land-based greenhouse gas mitigation can be achieved without compromising food security and environmental goals, Global Change Biology, vol.19, pp.2285-2302, 2013.

P. Smith, D. Martino, Z. Cai, D. Gwary, H. Janzen et al., Policy and technological constraints to implementation of greenhouse gas mitigation options in agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.118, pp.6-28, 2007.

P. Smith, D. Martino, Z. Cai, D. Gwary, H. Janzen et al., , 2008.

, Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

A. Sorrentino, R. Henke, and S. Severini, The Common Agricultural Policy after the Fischler Reform, 2011.

D. Stead, Common Agricultural Policy. R. Whaples (ed.) EH.Net Encyclopedia, 2007.

R. Pierrehumbert, Warming the world, Nature, vol.432, p.677, 2005.

, UK Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data, The British Survey of Fertiliser Practice, 2009.

, The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, 2011.

P. Thornton, Recalibrating food production in the developing world : Global warming will change more than just the climate, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), 2012.

M. Trnka, R. Brazdil, M. Dubrovsky, D. Semeradova, P. Stepanek et al., A 200-year climate record in Central Europe : implications for agriculture. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, pp.631-641, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00930509

M. Trnka, J. Eitzinger, D. Semeradova, P. Hlavinka, J. Balek et al., Expected changes in agroclimatic conditions in Central Europe, Climatic Change, issue.108, pp.261-289, 2011.

, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1998.

E. Underwood, J. Poláková, S. Berman, E. Dooley, A. Frelih-larsen et al., Technology options for feeding 10 billion people. Climate change and agriculture ; biodiversity and agriculture, BIO Intelligence Service, 2013.

, Decision 1/CP.21 Adoption of the Paris Agreement, UNFCCC, 2016.

, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations

, Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement Rapport de, United Nations, 2011.

, Transforming our world : the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, United Nations, 2015.

, World Population Prospects : The 2017 Revision, Key Findings and Advance Tables, 2017.

H. Valin, P. Havlik, N. Forsell, S. Frank, A. Mosnier et al., Description of the GLOBIOM (IIASA) model and comparison with the MIRAGE-BioF (IFPRI) model, 2013.

H. Valin, P. Havlik, A. Mosnier, M. Herrero, E. Schmid et al., Agricultural productivity and greenhouse gas emissions : trade-offs or synergies between mitigation and food security ?, Environmental Research Letters, 2013.

M. Van-leeuwen and A. Tabeau, Dutch AG-MEMOD model. A tool to analyse the agri-food sector. The Hague, 2005.

L. Van-schaik and S. Schunz, Explaining EU activism and impact in global climate politics : is the EU a norm-or interest-driven actor, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol.50, issue.1, pp.169-186, 2012.

D. P. Van-vuuren, B. Eickhout, P. L. Lucas, and M. G. Den-elwen, Long-Term Multi-Gas Scenarios to Stabilise Radiative Forcing -Exploring Costs and Benefits Within an Integrated Assessment Framework, The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol.27, pp.201-234, 2006.

G. Velthof, J. Lesschen, J. Webb, S. Pietrzak, Z. Miatkowski et al., The impact of the Nitrates Directive on nitrogen emissions from agriculture in the EU-27 during, Science of The Total Environment, pp.1225-1233, 2000.

B. Vermont and S. De-cara, How costly is mitigation of non-CO 2 greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture ? A meta-analysis, Ecological Economics, vol.69, issue.7, pp.1373-1386, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01172939

V. Vojtech, Policy Measures Addressing Agrienvironmental Issues, OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, p.225, 2010.

H. Von-witzke, S. Noleppa, and G. Schwarz, Decoupled payments to EU farmers, production, and trade : An economic analysis for Germany, 2010.

N. Voulvoulis, K. D. Arpon, and T. Giakoumis, The EU Water Framework Directive : From great expectations to problems with implementation, Science of the Total Environment, vol.575, pp.358-366, 2017.

A. Was, K. Zawali?ska, and W. Britz, Impact of "greening" the Common Agricultural Policy on sustainability of european agriculture : from perspective of the Baltic sea countries, Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, vol.4, issue.34, pp.191-212, 2014.

P. C. West, J. S. Gerber, P. M. Engstrom, N. D. Mueller, K. A. Brauman et al., Leverage points for improving global food security and the environment, Science, p.345, 2014.

A. Wilkes, T. Tennigkeit, and K. Solymosi, National planning for GHG mitigation in agriculture : A guidance document, 2013.

E. Wollenberg, M. Richards, P. Smith, P. Havlík, M. Obersteiner et al., Reducing emissions from agriculture to meet the 2 C target, Global Change Biology, vol.22, issue.12, pp.3859-3864, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01605012

, State and Trends of Carbon Pricing, 2018.